Friday, August 28, 2020
H.J. Heinz Case Essays H.J. Heinz Case Paper H.J. Heinz Case Paper With its central station in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Heinz has workplaces situated on six of the seven landmasses. Heinz centers around promoting their items with an accentuation on wellbeing, health, and manageability. Alongside assembling great food items adjusted to exceptional purchaser attributes in different districts of the world, Heinz likewise contributes liberally to magnanimous endeavors In parts of the world that need assistance most. As of late, Heinz got an honor for positioning number one In consumer loyalty for the eleventh year straight by the American Customer Satisfaction Index (Heinz, n. D. ). The Company, as it calls itself, has exclusive requirements for the food it fabricates and for its corporate tasks bringing about an ole-model of an organization increasing current standards in worldwide business activities. History and Global Footprint Heinz organizer Henry John (H. J) Heinz made an establishment for organization accomplishment by Instilling estimations of group bulling, coordinated effort, Innovation, vision, results-based tasks, and respectability in his workers. By following his statement of purpose, To do a typical thing phenomenally well brings achievement, Heinz has been effective at acquainting new items with the market for more than 140 years (Heinz, n. . ). The H. J. Heinz Company was established in 1869 in Sharpeners, Pennsylvania. It was consolidated on July 17, 1900, and developed to turn into a business organization in 1905. As of now, Heinz central command are In Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 3 Heinz Is endeavoring to grow all around while emphatically Impacting the world. Through Its than 30 nations with regular mixture tomato seeds (H. J. Heinz Annual Report and ask, 2010). This empowers ranchers to create better returns of value tomatoes without hereditary adjustment. It has been especially effective in China, and the Company as of late started a program joining forces with the United States Agency for International Disaster in the financially distressed Upper Nile district of Egypt. Heinz additionally collaborates with Lucy Lieu as representative for the Heinz Encountering system to give bundles of powdered nutrients and minerals that can be blended into typical suppers for babies and youngsters living in creating countries. The Heinz Microscope program has helped 3,000,000 kids battle the danger of iron inadequacy, sickliness, and nutrient and mineral lack of healthy sustenance in 15 nations (H. J. Heinz Annual Report and ask, 2010). The program was as of late brought into North America and Africa as it keeps on developing, with an objective of arriving at one million extra kids before the current year's over. Heinz is focused on affecting the world through the Hindered and Heinz Encountering programs. Industry and Products As recently referenced, Heinz is a worldwide pioneer in the worldwide market of food items. With 60% of its deals produced outside the United States, Heinz is a case of an organization that has thrived from globalization (Heinz ASK Annual Report). : The items that Heinz produces and markets fall under the three classifications of sauces, solidified nourishments, and newborn child food sources. Item accessibility shifts the world over, as do the fixings. For instance, well known Heinz items swaggered in the United States incorporate Smart Ones and T. G. I. Fridays solidified courses, Pickles, Classics pasta sauce, and ketchup. Ketchup is likewise accessible in Poland, however it is made with various fixings, is bundled in an unexpected way, and is called Puddings (Heinz H. J. HEINZ NC: INDUSTRY ANALYSIS 4 ASK Annual Report). Heinz fabricates and showcases items that satisfy the guidelines of individual nations, and the requirements and needs of shoppers in these nations. Cries inventive promoting strategies help with creating item achievement in the worldwide food industry. In February 2010, Heinz reported the most recent expansion to the Heinz Ketchup product offering. The new Dip Squeeze ketchup, which empowers buyers to press ketchup onto food by evacuating the tip of the little, ketchup bottle-molded bundle, or strip back the covering to plunge their food in the sauce. In ongoing endeavors to advance the new Dip Squeeze item, Heinz bought a pre-owned truck, introduced a custom kitchen with twofold stacked show stoves, food warmers, sinks, and a cooler. The truck was marked with the activities trademark, Heinz Ketchup Road Trip, and the battle was pitched via web-based networking media locales including Twitter and Faceable. The excursion started in mid-November in Pittsburgh, spent Thanksgiving in New York, and will advance toward Philadelphia before a last stop down south in Dallas. Guests to the Heinz Ketchup Road Trip truck get a free serving of Ore-Ida crease cut fries or Ore-Ida yam fries (both Heinz advertising and correspondences for Heinz North America, clarifies the in a hurry battle was fitting for the Dip Squeeze Ketchup parcels. She says, Since it was truly made for eating in a hurry, we needed to make a situation where individuals could encounter it in a hurry (Vega, 2010). Geographic Coverage and International Sales Totals The Heinz Company deals stretch out over the globe and created about $10. Billion universally in the most recent year (Heinz ASK Annual Report). Heinz separates its business sectors into the five areas of North America, U. S. Foddering, Europe, Asia/Pacific and Rest of World. The Asia/Pacific district incorporates Australia, New Zealand, India, Japan, China, South Korea, 5 Indonesia, and Singapore. The Rest of World district incorporates Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East. The $10. 5 billion earned in the most recent year was the whole of North At-bowel purges $3,192, 219,000, U. S Food administrations $1 Rupees Sat/pacific and Rest of universes incomes (H. J. Heinz Annual Report and ask, 2010). These aggregates show that North America is Whines most grounded advertise, firmly followed by the European area. The Rest of World area incorporates many creating countries in this manner produced fundamentally lower income. A future plan is the extension of Heinz items in creating countries through the making of valuable, practical items and focused on advertising. Developing markets that Heinz has tasks in incorporate China, India, Latin America, and Russia. Heinz is likewise investigating new markets in the Philippines, Turkey, Vietnam, ND Brazil. On November 30, 2010, Heinz reported that it would take an interest in the 2010 Credit Issue Holiday Conference on December 7, 2010. During the meeting, the Company will introduce a review of Whines procedures, results, and organizations around the globe spoke to by Margaret Noel, Senior Vice President, Investor Relations (The Wall Street Journal Market Watch) (H. J. Heinz Company to Participate in the 2010 Credit Issue Holiday Conference, 2010). Worldwide Production, Distribution Facilities Supply Chain The Company possesses a sum of 67 plants and rents eight over the globe (H. J. Heinz Annual Report and ask, 2010). In North America, 20 industrial facilities are claimed and four are rented, in Europe 21 are possessed and none are rented, in the Asia-Pacific area 20 are possessed and two are rented, and in the Rest of World six manufacturing plants are claimed and two are rented. Cries many-sided flexibly anchor empowers its items to order immense worldwide inclusion and availability. The items are sold through Whines own business associations, through 6 and autonomous basic food item accounts, comfort stores, bread kitchens, drug stores, mass vendors, club stores, foddering wholesalers and foundations including lodgings, soaks, emergency clinics, human services offices, and certain administration offices (H. J. Heinz Annual Report and ask, 2010). The Company has define an objective of conveying more than $1 billion in cost investment funds throughout the following five years through worldwide gracefully tie activities intended to accomplish economies of scale and diminish costs by utilizing individuals, procedure, and innovation (H. J. Heinz Annual Report and ask, 2010). Global Market Regions and Market Groups Throughout the fluctuating substances of the Heinz Corporation in any event one thing stays consistent, elevated requirements relating to corporate and social obligation. Their pride in duty, alongside their severe layout of rules and business norms, takes into consideration quick and simple adjustments to neighborhood and provincial gathering guidelines, (for example, NONFAT, the EX., CAFTAN, SEAN, and so on). Despite the fact that nations and areas have varying wellbeing guidelines and guidelines for food, Heinz stays away from complexities with the nations particular financial associations or associations because of the Companys idea of business. On the off chance that a firm in the food business wishes to contend on a worldwide scale, the principal outside power it will battle with and adjust to is culture. One manner by which a nation communicates its way of life is through food. Since societies change from district to locale, one can see that it would be basically inconceivable for a firm contending on a worldwide scale to have one item which rises above all business sectors and requests to everyones inclinations. Accordingly, Heinz doesn't have one item that it must form to various guidelines and guidelines so as to offer it to various markets. Heinz contends on a worldwide scale through the obtaining of organizations that have just settled interest for items in their market. These acquisitions empower Heinz to sidestep the political red 7 primate which most organizations bringing items into a remote commercial center must survive. Hence Heinz doesn't need to adjust, yet keep up, the strategic policies of the organizations they secure. In spite of the fact that Heinz might not have direct association with financial associations or other comparable associations, 22 of their worldwide areas are guaranteed by the International Organization for Standardization (SO). The ISO is, a system of the national measures institu
Posted by Kareem Davila at 5:01 AM
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Despite the fact that the client steadfastness venture at PetrieÃ¢â¬â¢s Electronics had gone gradually from the outset, the previous hardly any weeks had been quick paced and occupied, Jim Watanabe, the task director, pondered internally. He had invested quite a bit of his energy arranging and leading meetings with key partners inside the organization. He had likewise worked with the promoting gathering to assemble some center gatherings comprised of faithful clients, to get a few thoughts regarding what they would an incentive in a client steadfastness program. Jim had additionally invested some energy considering client faithfulness programs at other enormous retail chains and those in different enterprises too, for example, the carriers, known for their broad client dedication programs. As venture chief, he had additionally regulated the endeavors of his colleagues. Together, they had gathered a lot of information. Jim had quite recently wrapped up a significant level outline of the data into a table he could send to his colleagues (PE Table 5-1). 5. Why shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t PetrieÃ¢â¬â¢s staff fabricate their own remarkable framework in-house? I figure it would cost considerably more and will be substantially more tedious. The better activity is utilize a redistribute as opposed to working in-house, that way they are setting aside cash and getting what they need significantly quicker. Petries Electronics Case, Chapter 6, Questions 1 and 5 1. Are the DFDs in PE Figures 6-1 and 6-2 adjusted? Show that they are, or are most certainly not. In the event that they are not adjusted, how might they be fixed? It would seem that they are adjusted in light of the fact that on both the outlines there are 2 inflows to the client (buys coupons) and 3 surges from the framework to sink client (reports, custom fitted advancements, coupons). 5. For what reason is it significant for the group to make DFDs on the off chance that they won't compose the genuine framework code themselves? It makes the investigators consider the information being utilized, the wellsprings of the information, where the data originates from and goes.
Posted by Kareem Davila at 11:47 PM
Starbucks' Mission (vision, objectives, goals) lined up with its systems - Essay Example Indication of StarbucksÃ¢â¬â¢ mission is through its six (6) significant standards. As indicated by the Starbucks Coffee Official Website, these standards are the: uniformity of workplace, business decent variety, use of elevated requirement greatness, center around consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ fulfillment, ecological and public commitments, and productivity acknowledgment. Moreover, through these methods of estimating suitability of choices, Starbucks imagines itself as the Ã¢â¬Å"most perceived and regarded brand in the world,Ã¢â¬ (Starbucks Coffee Website). As in each company, particularly the individuals who are available all around like Starbucks Coffee, promoting systems are created and actualized. In particular, it created showcasing openings and applied effective advertising techniques to pick up benefit and be perceived. All promoting systems ought to be identified with the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s crucial vision; and this examination plans to break down whether Starbucks techniques are lined up with its objectives. First indication of StarbucksÃ¢â¬â¢ crucial its equity of workplace (Starbucks Coffee Website). That implies that each human asset ought to be treated with deference and pride. Undoubtedly, HR, particularly in an espresso organization like Starbucks are significant. Starbucks, having perceived this and grasped it into their main goal, exceptionally organizes their kin, their baristas. They esteem their workers since they realize that they contribute and assume a significant job in organization development. The representatives are the ones who serve the clients (Catching the StarbucksÃ¢â¬ ¦, 2002). The workers the clients see, not the CEO or leader of the organization. Corresponding to this, Starbucks train their workers both in item aptitude and client assistance. What's more, consequently, increasingly skilled recruited workers are progressively proficient of the item, and they can work well for clients for the achievement of the organization.
Posted by Kareem Davila at 2:26 PM
Friday, August 21, 2020
Obviously everybody needs to be effective! It requires 100% of exertion and assurance to be fruitful. Keeping up credible objectives saves you on target for the street of accomplishment. In the event that you remember your objectives, you won't off track from them. Accomplishing objectives that you have set for yourself is your obligation. It is anything but difficult to get diverted from your scholastic objectives, on the off chance that they are not kept up every day. Proceeding with scholarly achievement has helped various of understudies succeed. Proceeding with scholastic achievement intends to have a favorable position by continuing scholarly development in an instructive domain. Achievement is the capacity to design, be determined, define objectives, and achieve them. There are such huge numbers of basics for proceeding with scholastic achievement, in which your disposition greatly affects your scholarly structure. Achieving scholarly objectives are a preferred position for de velopment and various chances. Proceeding with your scholastic achievement is significant in which you direct research to pick up information. Another significant need required for progress is to define objectives. The best choice any individual could make is to arrangement ahead for your ideal situation throughout everyday life. Applying aptitudes from your assets in or outside of school can likewise assist you with being fruitful. Picking up Knowledge Recognizing your learning style gives you understanding on the most proficient method to acquire a helpful example towards progress. There are 3 unique methods of learning styles which are visual, sensation, and sound-related. In visual mode, you can depict your learning inclinations on the off chance that you can learn by pictures, Shapes, model, or canvases. A few people lean toward learning by motions, body developments, object control and placing, which is sensation. To wrap things up, there is the sound-related mode which includesÃ¢ listening, rhythms, tone and serenades. As indicated by, Alsop and Ryan, 1996, learning styles profoundly affect learning. Individual consciousness of learning styles and trust in imparting this is the initial moves towards accomplishing an ideal learning condition. (Alsop and Ryan, 1996.) Finding your own learning style causes you with your ability improvement. This likewise gives you individual mindfulness and causes you to use your reasoning aptitudes successfully. Realizing your learning style encourages you to explore through your profession and causes you to be in charge of your own prosperity. For example, Omrod, 2008, p.106 composed, Ã¢â¬Å"Some intellectual styles and manners do appear to impact how and what data is introduced through words (verbal students), while others appear to learn better when itÃ¢â¬â¢s introduced through pictures (visual learners)Ã¢â¬ . Subsequently instructive brain research understudies and hopeful instructors are being encouraged that understudies have specific learning styles and that these styles ought to be obliged by guidance custom fitted to those learning styles. Knowing about my own learning style causes me to improve decisions, when choosing my perspective on a specific subject. I accept that being a visual student, is an extraordinary method to learn. Most things individuals know is by observing with their eyes and viewing. When viewing, itÃ¢â¬â¢s simpler to get familiar with a great deal about individuals and things that are valuable to you. I gain proficiency with a great deal about my environmental factors and things about myself, being a visual student. It is simple for me to arrange data, characterize issues and create speculations. I think being a visual student is a solid resource since it encourages me accomplish on more significant levels consistently in regular day to day existence. It is progressively helpful, well a preferred position to realize your learning style and to use it. Defining Goals Achievement originates from gaining an uplifting mindset, planning and concentrating on wanted objectives. Achievement is settling on the best decisions to forestall disappointment and to succeed. Achievement requires a test and responsibility and encourages a person to achieve objectives. It depends on Ryan (1970) premise that cognizant objectives influence activity. An objective is the item or point of an activity, for instance, to achieve a particular standard of capability, normally inside a predetermined time limit. As mechanical hierarchical analysts, ourÃ¢ primary intrigue has been to foresee, clarify, and impact execution on authoritative or business related undertakings. Accordingly, we concentrated on the connection between cognizant execution objectives and level of undertaking execution as opposed to on discrete goals to take explicit activities (e. g. , to apply to graduate school, to get a clinical assessment). As indicated by Dobbins, Pettman, 1997, Set Goals ItÃ¢â¬â ¢s required to set objectives, with the goal that you can be effective. Objective setting can help an individual massively in light of the fact that they can set momentary objectives and achieve them. I have numerous objectives, dreams and aspirationsÃ¢â¬ ¦ My lifetime objective is to turn into a CEO of a 500 fortune organization quite a while from now. Defining transient objectives can assist me with accomplishing my drawn out objectives and draw nearer to my fantasies. Defining objectives can likewise give me a genuine feelings of serenity and keep me centered . Time the board offers you the chance to complete a great deal for the duration of the day. In the end you will have the option to achieve little to bigger assignments. Defining objectives and overseeing time, you would doubtlessly accomplish your set objectives. Aptitudes that you gain day by day from school or your own life can be utilized as transferable abilities that will assist you with progressing at being fruitful. We realize that achievement is gotten from both information and positive mental disposition. We additionally realize that disappointment is emphatically connected with absence of information and negati ve perspectives. Centering upon wanted objectives invigorates energy and excitement, which are thus firmly connected with positive mental disposition. Not many individuals are set up to set objectives. A great many people are not set up to find out more or put forth the essential attempts to be progressively constructive. Apply Skills The creative cycle encourages you advance in your training and vocation on the grounds that itÃ¢â¬â¢s simple to conceptualize. Applying information you addition will consistently be valuable. Scholastic honesty is significant you are assuming liability for your work. To the extent leading examination and refering to data where you have discovered your sources. Copyright infringement a mind boggling idea, contends Sutherland-Smith, who segregates six components of counterfeiting (pp. 70-3) from crafted by Peccorari (2002): language obtained or taken source, by whom, without affirmation, with or without aim to mislead. Copyright infringement accompanies results in the event that one isnÃ¢â¬â¢t cautious. There is a chance of being removed from school. End Proceeding with scholastic achievement is an extraordinary way to take. On proceeding with your training you figure out how to pick up information, set objectives and apply what you have realized. Realizing your learning style will likewise assist you with achieving in being fruitful! References Dobbins, R., and Pettman, B. O. (1997). Set objectives. Equivalent Opportunities International, 16(6/7), 9-43. ProQuest Central. Robertson, L., Smellie, T., and Wilson, P. (2011, March). Learning Styles and Fieldwork Education: StudentsÃ¢â¬â¢ viewpoints. New Zealand Journal of Occupational Therapy, 58(1), 36-40. ProQuest Central. Ryan, T. A. (1970). Purposeful conduct. New York: Ronald Press White, G. (2009) ). Literary theft: The web and understudy picking up improving scholastic http://faculty.washington.edu/janegf/goalsetting.html respectability. Australian Journal of Education,53(2), 209-211
Posted by Kareem Davila at 9:29 PM
The Night Sky Some time in the past, individuals investigated the night sky and thought about what they were taking a gander at? What distance away are those twinkles in the sky? Might they be able to all be stars, or perhaps, would they be able to be something different? What makes certain lights more splendid than others, and how distances influence their force? These inquiries and other fascinating realities will be explored in the accompanying pages. One of the most widely recognized interests with respect to the night sky is separation, which can be extremely difficult to decide. Since space is so huge, researchers must utilize numerical techniques to decide the distance away, how enormous, and how splendid something really quantifies. Be that as it may, in view of the continually changing situation of Earth and the nearby planetary group corresponding to the cosmic system, and the mind boggling separations that different articles in space, researchers have built up a distinctive standard unit of measure. The most widely recognized unit of measure is a light year. ?A light year is the separation that light can go in one year? (Giancoli 1000). Utilizing extremely complex instruments, researchers have estimated the speed at which light voyages and have discovered the separation in one second to rise to 3 x 10^8 meters. From this revelation, they can decide that one ?light moment? rises to 18 x 10^9 meters, which figures one ?light year? to rise to 9.46 x 10^15 meters (generally 10^13 kilometers). To advance a superior image of how far ten trillion kilometers extends, envision the separation between the earth and the moon to quantify 384,000 kilometers, or 1.28 light seconds; the separation between the earth and the sun is 150,000,000 kilometers, or 8.3 light seconds; and the good ways from Earth to the most remote planet, Pluto, measures 6 billion kilometers or 6 x 10^-4 light years. To imagine the nearly incredible separations of room, the nearest star to the sun, Proxima Centauri, is 4.3 light years away, which is more than multiple times more distant away than the most inaccessible planet in Earth's sun oriented framework (Ibid). Of all the far off articles that are found in the night sky, the nearest items to Earth are planets. There are an aggregate of nine planets in the world's close planetary system, including Earth, alongside a couple of other heavenly articles, for example, comets, that pass by each such a large number of years (Ridpath 59). The planets change extraordinarily in size and organization. Some that sparkle brilliantly can be seen all all year, while others are difficult to find and recognize. The request for the planets in the nearby planetary group goes as follows: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, lastly Pluto (Ibid). Mercury, the littlest planet in the nearby planetary group, has a measurement of just 2,900 miles. This first planet is strong with next to no environment and has just six percent the volume of Earth. Mercury's mass, nonetheless, isn't known since there are no satellites, or as it were, moons circling the planet, that would uncover its gravitational impact upon them . In the event that there were moons circling Mercury, at that point they could help us in deciding the planet's mass by utilizing Einstein's All inclusive Law of Gravitation. Notwithstanding, even without the moons, researchers have had the option to gauge its mass to be around four percent of that of the earth (Pickering 44). Mercury can be found in spring and fall, at dawn or nightfall, which is the point at which it is at its most prominent good ways from the sun. It must be seen for a brief timeframe, however, and is close to the skyline even at the point when it tends to be seen (Pickering 46). The following planet is once in a while known as ?the Morning Star? since it is the most splendid object in the night sky. In light of Venus' quick circle of the sun, at regular intervals, the hour of year that it tends to be seen changes from year to year. Venus is so effectively noticeable in light of the fact that it is unbelievably splendid contrasted with ordinary stars. At its most brilliant point, Venus can be up to 4.4 occasions more splendid than Sirius, the most brilliant star in the night sky. Venus has a breadth of 7,700 miles, and is truly tantamount to the size of Earth. Its mass is 82% of that of the world's and its gravitational force is 89% the quality of the world's (Pickering 47). Despite the fact that the extents to Earth are so close, Venus has one unmistakable distinction, and that is its air. Venus' air is thick to such an extent that it really shrouds the outside of the planet totally and for all time.
Posted by Kareem Davila at 12:07 PM
Friday, July 3, 2020
Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) was a German poet, playwright and theatre director. This project will look at the development of Brechts playwriting over time in response to the socio-political changes in Berlin, by evaluating Brechts work in the three periods of different political environments that Brecht was exposed to in Berlin. These should reveal how historical context and political stance shaped his work. Some reference will be made to the plays mentioned, due to their content and the different times in which they were written. Academic and contemporary responses mentioned in this project were mostly acquired at the Brecht Haus archive in Berlin on 14th February 2008. During the First World War, Brecht doubted in a school essay whether it was honourable to die for your nation and this feeling was heightened when he had to serve in the war as a medical orderly in 1918 (Rosenhaft, 1994). His first plays were written as the war ended; the working title of on e of his first was Spartakus (later published as Drums of the Night), after the organisation of the German revolutionaries Luxemburg and Liebknecht. Brechts radical side is clear in his early plays; he talks about the decay and corruption of the bourgeois society that he felt a part of (Meech, 1994). Yet arguably at this point in time, Brecht was Ã¢â¬Å"a bohemian rather than a MarxistÃ¢â¬ (Schoeps, 1992). The polarisation of the Weimar Republic and the rise of fascism that resulted in stronger political beliefs and works in the late 1920s (Fetscher, 1980). Saint Joan of the Stockyards, an allegory on the workings of the stock exchange, is an example of this (McCullough, 1994). The Weimar Republic saw the increasing commercialisation of leisure activity with the rise of popular entertainment (cinema, sports, dance, jazz, etc) (Rosenhaft, 1994). The educated, bourgeois audience was being replaced by a broader audience. This cultural democratisation affected the role of the writer (Silberman, 1993). Some traditionalists sought new ways of asserting their elitism whilst others like Brecht began to develop a habit of production that submerged the authors subjectivity within a collective (Meech, 1994) as seen with the adaptations of Marlowes Life of Edward the Second (1924) and Man Equals Man (1926). The notion of aesthetic activity as production rather than creation, theorised by Brecht in his essay The Threepenny Lawsuit (1932) indicates this shift. Social changes have therefore directly impacted Brechts style of writing and theoretical concepts of theatre. Brecht was taught Marxism in the late 1920s twenties by Korsch and Benjamin, both anti-Stalinists (Esslin, 1959). Brecht supported the KPD, a mass party that to him seemed the only force capable of confronting Hitler, unlike the main Trotskyist organisation in Berlin with only 50 members (Windisch Brandon, 2006). He would not have had much opportunity to influence events otherwise. B rechts turn to Marxism changed his approach to theatre. He rejected the naturalistic style that presented the audience with a perfect illusion of reality. For productions of Drums of the Night, he suggested hanging a banner above the stage saying Ã¢â¬Å"Dont Stare So Romantically!Ã¢â¬ Ironically, the need for a new form of theatre became obvious to him after his biggest financial success. The Threepenny Opera (1928) illustrated begging as an organised trade, with criminals working hand in glove with the police. But rather than shocking bourgeois audiences, the play was a huge success (Schmidt, 1992). Audiences loved music, while Brechts critique of capitalism did not attract much attention. Brecht was involved in the conflicts at the end of the Weimar Republic. One month after the premiere of The Mother (1932), police ordered that the play could be recited but not played. The production of another play was stopped because Nazis were assaulting the actors (Windisch Brand on, 2006). Brechts vision of a more humane society changed with the rise of fascism (Silberman, 1993). He usually failed to represent convincingly the alternative order that could confront fascism, as seen in Fear and Misery of the Third Reich (1938), The Business Affairs of Mr. Julius Caesar (1938-39), and the Book of Changes (1935-42). As a Marxist, when the Nazis gained power, Brecht went into exile, staying close to the German border in Denmark and Finland to support the anti-fascist struggle until the war forced him to leave for the USA (1941). Until the end of WWII, Brechts plays rarely reached the stage. Yet the plays written in exile are his most famous today. Brecht expressed opposition to National Socialist and Fascist movements in Galileo, Mother Courage and Her Children, The Good Person of Szechwan, The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui, and The Caucasian Chalk Circle. Mother Courage, for example, is torn between protecting her children from the war and making a p rofit out of the Thirty Years War (Leach, 1994). Key themes in the play include war as business, virtue in wartime and morality. None of those plays put simple answers to the moral questions they raise, and none of them are simple propaganda pieces. Rather, they show how the possibilities of the individual characters are limited by social conditions, and they force the viewer to think about the limits of Ã¢â¬Å"common senseÃ¢â¬ moral judgements (Windisch Brandon, 2006). Brecht focused on new representation. On the one hand, the formal reductionism of the parable plays from this period seems to function as a kind of protective shield against the impossible contradictions of reality, but on the other, the shift in subject and technique to more deliberate forms of distancing de-centres the text-audience relation by transferring the utopian imagination into the spectators themselves (Silberman, 1993). The prologue to The Caucasian Chalk Circle (1944) suggests the politic al and poetic utopia Brecht envisioned in his mature plays. Brechts invitation to return to the GDR, enticed by offer of own theatre and company, shows that although Brecht was not a member of the Communist Party, his allegiances were sincere (Esslin, 1959). The impressive Berliner Ensemble, visited on 15th February 2008, solely for the use of Brechts work and directing, and his work still dominates the theatre today (fieldtrip, 2008). He spent his last years defining and reworking his ideas. Although towards the end of his life Brecht wrote few plays, some famous poems have emerged from after the Second World War (Rundell, 1980). The Solution was Brechts commentary on uprising (1953) the GDR; he supported government measures taken to crush the uprising, including the use of Soviet military force, despite his concern for the protesting people as well. His allegiance to the communist regime is portrayed in The Days of the Commune, which is based on the proletariat revoluti on of the Paris Commune in 1871, which attempted to bring about a revolution through the working class. Brecht is often criticised for returning to the GDR (Fetscher, 1980). In fact, exile gave Brecht first-hand experience of the Ã¢â¬Ëfreedom of the West. He was blacklisted out of 40 scripts he wrote, one was accepted for filming, and this was cut severely by Hollywood that Brecht withdrew it. Brechts commitments were leftist enough to provoke HUACs investigation in 1947 and the refusal of visas for travel to West Germany under US control (Kruger, 2004). Brecht also came into conflict with the Stalinist cultural bureaucracy. They forced him to make changes in several productions and even stopped two of them (Esslin, 1959). Brecht received support for his theatre in East Germany but he expressed private reservations about SED policy, especially after the workers uprising on 17 June 1953 challenged the partys claim to lead a Ã¢â¬Å"workers and peasants stateÃ¢â¬ (Krug er, 2004). Brechts relation to the GDR regime remained contradictory. On the one hand, he said it would be better to have a bad socialism than to have none, he also disliked the dictatorship. When the Berlin workers uprising (1953) was repressed, he wrote a letter to the general secretary of the Communist Party in which he called for dialogue (Esslin, 1959). Only his last sentence backing the government was published. Hi call for dialogue, I believe, had two aims. Firstly, to reinstate peace amongst the campaigning people, as it seems unlikely Brecht would have spoken publicly against the GDR regime, despite his dissatisfaction with the scenario. Secondly, because of his pro-GDR regime status and his status as a GDR icon, his words would be more trusted by both parties. There is much argument over Brechts true thoughts regarding the 1953 uprising. In private, Brecht was more outspoken. In his unpublished poem The Solution, he ironically asks, Ã¢â¬Å"If the people had for feited the confidence of the government, would it not be easier to dissolve the people and elect another?Ã¢â¬ Brecht intended his theatre to be a critique of society, believing that theatres function was to educate, and to achieve this he created his epic theatre theory. Ã¢â¬Å"A play should not cause the spectator to emotionally identify with the action before him or her, but should instead provoke rational self-reflection and a critical view of the actions on the stageÃ¢â¬ . Brecht wanted audiences to use critical perspective to identify social ills and therefore effect change, having described his plays as a collective political meeting in which the audience is to participate actively (Brooker, 1994). For this purpose, Brecht employed the use of techniques that remind spectators the play is a representation of reality and not reality itself called the alienation effect (Esslin, 1959). To achieve this, he ripped up the traditional five act structure of static drama . Inspired by Russian revolutionary theatre, he looked for ways to interrupt the main plot (Windisch Brandon, 2006). For example, he used comments on the action directed to the audience, songs in between and projections of text with extra information. To undermine the natural curiosity of the audience, he used an announcer to summarise the scene before it was shown. This allowed him to show that the course of events is not simply given, and therefore demands choices and active intervention. The political side of his plays became harder to ignore. A good example is The Mother, which is set during the Russian 1905 revolution, showing a mother who wants to free her Bolshevik son from jail and how by doing so she gradually becomes convinced of Communism herself (Windisch Brandon, 2006). Brecht chose historical settings as another means of creating a distance between the viewer and the play. In Galileo Galilei, the struggle between the scientist and the Catholic Church ser ved as the scene for a debate on the tensions between individual beliefs and the way our rulers try to control our thoughts (Weber, 1980). Brechts has attracted immense controversy since his early theatrical successes in the 1920s, having been compared to Shakespeare (Laughton); Brecht is considered one of the great playwrights and directors of the 20th century. Over 50 years after his death, his plays along with those of Chekhov are the most frequently performed works (Fuegi, 1995). As Brook has emphasised: Ã¢â¬Å"Brecht is the key figure of our time, and all theatre work today at some point starts or returns to his statements and achievementÃ¢â¬ . But much praise for his ability and work is usually held up because of his Marxist views. This political allegiance has annoyed some critics like Willet, who has chosen to look upon it as something unfortunate but incidental to his achievements. Bentley also expresses his disappointment: Brecht Ã¢â¬Å"would be a better wri ter if he gave up MarxismÃ¢â¬ . Others oppose his work on the grounds that it is propagandistic and lacks the subjective sentiments accessible only through a more personal theatre of individual experience. Inevitably, commentators are forced to approach Brecht by addressing not only his plays but also his writings on theatre as well as the way he directed productions. Mostly they decide to deal with his technical expertise in isolation from his politics (Fuegi, 1995). Brecht is seen as a modern dramatist and poet worthy of careful study, and of no more particular interest except that he also happened to be political (Breuer 1992, Weber 1992). This purposeful attempt to neglect the political Brecht is frustrating because of its success in obscuring the relevance of his achievements, despite his surviving attempts by fascism to destroy its revolutionary content and undermine its significance. Most commentators have failed to understand the rationale of the method involved . But Brecht was quite clear about what he wanted and how he proposed to get it. When he referred to Marx as Ã¢â¬Å"the only audience for my plays that I had come acrossÃ¢â¬ , Brecht was describing a primary focus that is lost on his many critics. He did not mean that only Marxists could understand his plays. Rather it was Marxists alone who could understand what he was trying to do. Brecht comprehended how controlling cultural production had become under capitalism. His response was to do something about it by creating a theatre that sought to redefine the relationship between audience and performance (Trommler, 1980). Yet the historical illusions of modernism have become a problem of positioning oneself subjectively in a post-modern age when evaluating the subject of this study. Brecht was a communist without a party card. He could write only on commission from the party, their precarious status did not hinder him from criticising the policies of the party as well as pr aising its goals (Volker, 1987). His critiques were never simply blunt attacks, but were handled lightly with wit and satire. However, the party officials did not appreciate his critical irony, but preferred instead the sympathetic tracts of bourgeois authors. Brechts communist allegiances have also led to numerous attempts by the mainstream art world to degrade his legacy either by claiming that his plays are worthless Stalinist propaganda, or by claiming that they are worthwhile despite the politics (Windisch Brandon, 2006). Yet Brechts popularity has depended on misreading since 1928, when The Ballad of Mack the Knife song performed as part of The Threepenny Opera in Berlin became one of the most-recorded standards in the history of pop music. Brecht (and his composer Weill) might have wanted an art that hastens the overthrow of capitalism; instead they got covers from Darin and Sinatra (Tonkin, 2006). Depoliticising Brecht, however, is a difficult job he wrote p lays with titles such as The Seven Deadly Sins of the Petty Bourgeoisie and Days of the Commune, and poems like The Song of the Class Enemy (Windisch Brandon, 2006). Brechts period in exile was a fight against material want, persecution, betrayal, and political disappointment (Volker, 1987). The last years of his life were spent in the German Democratic Republic (GDR), because he wanted another Germany based on the principles of peace and socialism. There, he was able to preserve his independence and artistic integrity. He welcomed the politicisation of art while vigorously defending his work against any state ideology (Volker, 1987). His theatre, the Berliner Ensemble, was opposed to the official GDR doctrine on art (Socialist Realism) and to the German Stanislavski tradition (naturalism) (Etkind, 1980). On principle, he rejected the use of art and theatre to conform to state requirements of taste. Brechts main contribution, then, is to be found in the innovative ways h e devised for examining history and making the processes of history visible as changeable ones (Trommler, 1980). Brechts impact is not to be found in any recipes he may have provided but rather in the possibility of his writings to enable our own creativity in thinking about historical truths and processes (Silberman, 1993).
Posted by Kareem Davila at 5:49 PM
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Strong Argumentative Essay Topics Secrets As an example, in college, you might be requested to compose a paper from the opposing standpoint. The college essays need to be organized in the particular format and design based on the instructions given. The next collection of topics will definitely sparkle your imagination and will let you find the greatest grades. An argumentative essay example will reveal the should possess some important components which make it better in the practice of convincing. All About Strong Argumentative Essay Topics There aren't any steadfast rules that you'll need to adhere to as you write. Write in such a fashion, that you'll be interested to read it. It is advised to pick the topics that are connected to the emergent problems in the society so you will be arguing about current scenarios. At the exact same time, it also needs to be simple to research, that way you'll locate evidence to support claims you make. Type of Strong Argumentative Essay Topics A superb argument is a basic numbers game with a very clear winner. When it has to do with writing an argumentative essay, the most crucial issue to do is to select a topic and an argument you can really get behind. An amazing conclusion will summarize all data that has happened in the post and use it in order to give one final reason why you ought to join our side. Conclusion To compose a very good conclusion isn't as simple as you could think. New Questions About Strong Argumentative Essay Topics An argumentative essay is a writing piece intended to persuade a person to believe the way that you do. No wonder, you might get lost in all that writing assignments which have to be done at the exact same time. It is crucial to check reviews about essay writing services in order to be confident they can deliver your task before the deadline. Besides general knowledge you have regarding the subject, you won't mind dedicating some opportunity to research, writing procedure, and other elements essential for the high-quality essay. In the event you're not sure it's much better to ask again or check with a person who got similar undertaking. The structure of your paper's outline is just like the structure of your whole essay. The outline is your guideline, as they will allow you to know what they are interested in. Be mindful of the size it must be and get started writing the narrative essay outline. If you would like to learn what an argumentative essay is, the very first thing you need to remember is that its primary purpose is to convince the audience to accept your perspective. Even in the event that you don't like to argue with the points of different people, it's still true that you have to be prepared to compose an argumentative essay at any moment! Your professor or client reads a great deal of essays and a great majority are written by men and women who like to play it safe. Contrary to other firms, every part of job is personally checked ahead of delivery to you. The Hidden Facts About Strong Argumentative Essay Topics The position is not so Myrtle should include within her essay. Quite frequently, the very best topic is one which you truly care about, but you also will need to get ready to research it. A manageable topic is one which can be successfully performed within the page demands of the essay. Use transition words to create your text coherent and simple to read. The opinion needs to be supported by the info provided in the prior area of the essay. In situations when you get to select the topic for an argumentative essay, you need to be wise and locate a title that will intrigue a reader. A debatable topic is one which has differing viewpoints. In order to supply an in-depth understanding about the argumentative essay, it is advisable to examine some of the greatest examples of argumentative essay. The conclusion portion of the essay is the most significant. It is essential that the whole essay relate to the major subject, so make certain you do not stray from the primary point of your essay. To construct an effective argumentative essay, you have to follow several critical actions. Supreme essay service may assist you with it. As an illustration, whenever you don't have enough time to do an appropriate research and publish an essay, you can use custom essay writing service. Though you essay may contain very superior info, one false bit of information can mess up your whole essay. You may examine the extra details on the best way to compose an eye-catching essay introduction with a hook. You can also see academic essay. The essay should have a little structure, unlike a normal essay. You can also see analytical essay. You could also see descriptive essay.
Posted by Kareem Davila at 4:14 PM
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
If you play ping pong or table tennis, you used to have to carry around several balls, since they would occasionally ignite or explode upon contact with the paddle. Its unlikely a modern ping pong ball would ignite during a game, but they remain extremely flammable. If you touch a flame to a ball, it burns from the point of contact evenly around to the other side, leaving only a delicate mesh, the strip of adhesive used to join the halves of the ball, and a fairly vile stench. Except for the smell, its actually kind of cool! Some people think the balls are filled with flammable gas, while others think it has something to do with the plastic used to make the balls... Find out who is right
Posted by Kareem Davila at 11:28 AM
Friday, May 15, 2020
Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1119 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Finance Essay Type Analytical essay Tags: Independence Essay Did you like this example? Independence of Central Bank (10%) Central Bank independence is one of the key pre-requisites for effective inflation targeting. Kahn (2009) states that although monetary policy goals must be set by the democratic government, their implementation should be the mandate of the central bank to avoid the time-inconsistency problem or a political monetary policy cycle. This mandate may not be made into a law, but what matters is past credibility and a continued commitment to the goal of price stability. On other hand, Charles Freedman et al (2010) argues that legislating this mandate is important, particularly in emerging economies where there is a history of government control of monetary policy. For example, the government may resort to populist measures and change the target when central bank has to take unpopular steps. This takes away the basic advantage of inflation targeting- anchoring expectations and increasing predictability and credibility (Kahn, 2009). DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Independence of Central Bank (10%)" essay for you Create order Guy Debelle et al (1998) argues that fiscal policy must not dominate or dictate monetary policy. This means: Very low or no borrowing by government from the central bank Well-developed domestic markets that can absorb public debt (e.g. treasury bills) Broad base of government revenue so that there is minimal dependence on seigniorage revenues In presence of fiscal dominance, fiscal policy based inflationary pressures will reduce the effectiveness of inflation targeting as central banks will be forced to accommodate government demands such as lowering interest rates to aid fiscal goals. To avoid discretion by governments with regards to monetary policy, transparency and strong communication are important in central banks. In South Africa, monetary goals are set by government by setting the target while constitution guarantees instrument-independence of central bank. (Kahn, 2009) Limitations ofInflationTargeting(10%) Limitation in analyzing its effectiveness is since it is difficult to differentiate between the overall impact of general economic reforms and the more specific impact of inflation targeting. Sarwat Jahan (no year) According to CA Sims (2003) Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âInflation targeting may do more harm than good if there is a substantial chance that the central bank cannot in fact control inflationÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã . This implies that in countries with history of inflation control problems, usefulness of inflation targeting may be limited. Alan Bollard (2008) in his speech said that Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âInflation targeting is not an elixir for stabilization. Independence and accountability arrangements for central banking lead to heightened expectations of what monetary policy is actually able to achieve.Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã So, it will not be effective as a standalone policy. A prerequisite for inflation targeting is co-ordination with fiscal policy. Inflation targeting commitment may not be sustainable under certain conditions. In some cases, what may appear as initial success can lead to adverse impact in future, particularly when required fiscal backup is missing. Similarly, if the inflation target projections cannot be supported with credible explanation of how central bank intends to achieve the desired target, it will undermine its credibility and worsen the situation. For example, if central bank is at zero bound of its policy rate and has no room to influence inflation. Thus, Inflation Targeting is therefore not recommended for the Bank of Japan. (CA Sims, 2003). So, every country must assess its economic conditions and determine if itÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s a suitable policy or if it can be tailored to suit their conditions. For example, in open economies where the exchange rate impacts output and inflation, the effectiveness and implementation of inflation targeting must be carefully analyzed. (Sarwat Jahan) Other Limitations: Central Bank may overlook more pressing issues like unemployment, exchange rate fluctuations and other macroeconomic variables. During financial crisis, inflation targeting, particularly if rule-based, may restrict central bankÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s ability due to reduced flexibility. Possible instability in case of large supply-side shocks Since inflation targeting success depends on anchored expectations, lack of public support can undermine its effectiveness Monetary policy impacts inflation with a substantial delay (CA Sims, 2003). So, policy decisions are based on projections and unexpected events may hinder achievement the desired target. Although a much debated point, some argue that higher inflation may be good for economy at times and lower inflation may not always imply stability. OptimalInflationRate (5-10%) Currently, there is no consensus among the a various economic researches about the optimal inflation rate. Most economists agree that inflation should not fall below zero since the costs of deflation are high. They, however, disagree about how much Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"above zero inflationÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ should a central bank target. Many central banks, however, have a similar policy: an inflation target around two percent. These include the Federal Reserve (which calls two-percent inflation a Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âlonger-run goalÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ), the European Central Bank (which aims for inflation rates Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âbelow, but close to, 2%Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ), and most other central banks in advanced economies (Laurence Ball, 2014). The criterion to set optimal target will depend on the countryÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s the monetary transmission mechanism model and on the stabilization objectives of the monetary policy. (Giannoni et al,2003) References: Challenges of inflation targeting for emerging market economies: The South African case. InConference Papers on Challenges for Monetary Policy-makers in Emerging Markets, South African Reserve Bank. Sarwat Jahan: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/basics/target.htm Guy Debelle et al: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/issues/issues15/ Allan Bollard: https://www.bis.org/review/r080731c.pdf Laurence Ball: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2014/wp1492.pdf Marc P. Giannoni,Michael Woodford: https://www.nber.org/papers/w9939.pdf https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2010/03/pdf/roger.pdf https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2008/wp08234.pdf https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2013/wp1321.pdf https://www.bis.org/review/r131205g.pdf https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/sdn/2012/sdn1201.pdf Important Elements for Inflation Targeting for Emerging Economies: Prepared by Charles Freedman and Inci ÃÆ'Ã¢â¬âtker-Robe https://www.ecb.europa.eu/pub/pdf/scpwps/ecbwp026.pdf https://www.nber.org/chapters/c9562.pdf https://www.newyorkfed.org/research/epr/97v03n3/9708part1.pdf https://siteresources.worldbank.org/PGLP/Resources/Session8.pdf https://www.economicshelp.org/blog/5397/inflation/inflation-targetting-pros-and-cons/ Appendix Targeting inflation There are 28 countries that use inflation targeting, fixing the consumer price index as their monetary policy goal. Three other countriesÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬ Finland, the Slovak Republic, and SpainÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬ adopted inflation targeting but abandoned it when they began to use the euro as their currency. Country Inflation targeting adoption date Inflation rate at adoption date (percent) 2010 end-of-year inflation (percent) Target inflation rate (percent) New Zealand 1990 3.30 4.03 1 3 Canada 1991 6.90 2.23 2 +/- 1 United Kingdom 1992 4.00 3.39 2 Australia 1993 2.00 2.65 2 3 Sweden 1993 1.80 2.10 2 Czech Republic 1997 6.80 2.00 3 +/- 1 Israel 1997 8.10 2.62 2 +/- 1 Poland 1998 10.60 3.10 2.5 +/- 1 Brazil 1999 3.30 5.91 4.5 +/- 1 Chile 1999 3.20 2.97 3 +/- 1 Colombia 1999 9.30 3.17 2 4 South Africa 2000 2.60 3.50 3 6 Thailand 2000 0.80 3.05 0.5 3 Hungary 2001 10.80 4.20 3 +/- 1 Mexico 2001 9.00 4.40 3 +/- 1 Iceland 2001 4.10 2.37 2.5 +/- 1.5 Korea, Republic of 2001 2.90 3.51 3 +/- 1 Norway 2001 3.60 2.76 2.5 +/- 1 Peru 2002 Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å"0.10 2.08 2 +/- 1 Philippines 2002 4.50 3.00 4 +/- 1 Guatemala 2005 9.20 5.39 5 +/- 1 Indonesia 2005 7.40 6.96 5 +/- 1 Romania 2005 9.30 8.00 3 +/- 1 Serbia 2006 10.80 10.29 4 8 Turkey 2006 7.70 6.40 5.5 +/- 2 Armenia 2006 5.20 9.35 4.5 +/- 1.5 Ghana 2007 10.50 8.58 8.5 +/- 2 Albania 2009 3.70 3.40 3 +/- 1 Sources: Hammond, 2011; Roger, 2010; and IMF staff calculations.
Posted by Kareem Davila at 10:49 PM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
What does it take to be someones hero? All that it takes is signing the back of ones drivers licence and you could be a hero by saving up to 8 lives and enhancing the lives of many more; it only takes you being an organ donor. Organ donation has negative connotation tied to its back. even though many people in todays society believe that no wrong can happen in their life but in reality we are not invincible and accidents do happen and your time will come to end sometime. The act of organ donation is a compassionate and the humane choice for a person to make. Transplantation is a modern medical marven. Despite continuing advances in medicine and technology, the need for organs and tissue is vastly greater than the number available forÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The alternative system or the Ã¢â¬Å"opt out system which is in current practice in a some countries around the worldÃ¢â¬ (Paterson, 2013). The opt-out system simply states that Ã¢â¬Å"there is no register of people who h ave opted out of organ donation, and the wishes of individuals are only known by those whom they may have discussed organ donationÃ¢â¬ (Paterson,2013). By having an opt-out system in place if an opt-in system could potentially save more lives if those who await a transplant. The steps of saving a life is easy becoming an organ donor is the first step. When a patient has died or is nearing death the doctors will try all lifesaving efforts. Once a patient has passed the hospital will notify its local organ procurement organization to check and see if the deceased is on the states donor registry if the deceased is an organ donor then a representative of the organ procurement organization goes to the hospital. If a donation is possible then the transplant network is contacted to determine if there are any matches. During this process the donor is put on artificial life support and the condition of the organs are monitored. Then the organs are transferred. Ã¢â¬Å"75% of all donations go to localsÃ¢â¬ (United States Department of Health and Human Services). Organ transplantation is an operation that is safe and lifesaving. Ã¢â¬Å"Each day, about 79 people receive organShow MoreRelatedPersuasive Speech1153 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOUTLINE Topic: Organ Donation Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience to donate their organs and tissues when they die and to act upon their decision to donate. INTODUCTION Attention: How do you feel when you have to wait for something you really, really want? What if it was something you couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t live without? Ladies and gentlemen IÃ¢â¬â¢m here today to share with you my views on organ donation, in the hope that you will take them on board and give someone the ultimate gift after you haveRead MoreOrgan Donation : An Important Decision For Yourself975 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageslifesaving organ or tissue; many of whom may never find a suitable donor match. c. Thesis Statement: Becoming an organ donor is not only an important decision for yourself, but it is also an important decision for the life that you have the power to save. d. Credibility Statement: Being that my grandfather is currently on an organ donation list and because I am an organ donor myself, I believe that organ donation is a selfless way to give back to others, and provide them with a second chance at life. eRead MoreOrgan Donation : A Controversial Issue982 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOrgan donation is a controversial issue in most countries which simply involves the donation of a biological organ or tissue from a living or dead human body to a living recipient who needs a transplant or for scientific research. There have been several debates on the issue that everyone should be willing to donate their organ as it is of no use when they die. Some members of the public consider organ donation as an ultimate gift of life. Some people on the other hand, consider it improper due toRead MoreEssay on Compensation for Living Human Organ Donation is Unethical1394 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCompensation for Living Human Organ Donation is Unethical As technology continues to progress the feasibility of organ transplantation becomes a commonplace. It is very common for organs to be donated after one passes if it is the wishes of the deceased. As the supply of organs from the deceased is greatly outnumbered by the number of patients on waitlists living donors becomes an issue. Many times a relative or close friend is willing to give up an organ to help save a life. The question is: IsRead MoreOrgan Donation Should Be Mandatory1630 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessubject of organ donation becomes increasingly important. For years, the topic has been the source of many controversial debates regarding its ethical and moral ideations. Organ donation should remain voluntary for several reasons: first and foremost it is still considered a donation. Next, patients and their families should have the right to say no to medical procedures. And, lastly, bodily autonomy should be respected by healthcare professionals. Many argue, however, that organ donation should beRead MoreOrgan Donation2109 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesDonate Life Did you know that seventeen people will die today? They will not die because they were in a car wreck, involved in a shooting, or because it was simply that their time had come. Seventeen people will die because they couldnt get an organ transplant in time. Moneys not the issue here. Neither is scarcity. There are potential donors who pass away every day who could meet the needs of people on the waiting list. The problem is the potential donors die without leaving instructionsRead MoreAltruism Over Incentives For Organ Donation Essay1521 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAltruism Over Incentives for Organ Donation Over the years, organ donation challenges and demands increased inversely in proportion to the organ shortages. The primary mission of donorÃ¢â¬â¢s organizations is to save as many terminally ill recipients at the end stages of their lives as possible with an end goal of giving these recipients a normal a life span. The significance of organ donation is to restore an ailing personÃ¢â¬â¢s quality of life. The ongoing issue of organ shortages may be a symptom ofRead MoreAltruism Over Incentives For Organ Donation Essay1535 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAltruism over Incentives for Organ Donation Organ donations have encountered organ donor, and as a result, organ supply decreases. Over the years, organ donation challenges and demands increase inversely in proportion to the organ shortages. The primary mission of donorÃ¢â¬â¢s organizations is to save as many terminally ill recipients at the end stages of their lives as possible with an end goal of giving these recipients a normal a life span. The significance of organ donation is to restore an ailing personÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreOrgan Donation Operations Improvement Plan Essay1872 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesto increase organ donation rates at Temple University Hospital Introduction Over 88,400 Americans are currently awaiting a life saving organ transplant. As of the end of February there were 4,375 transplants performed from 2,263 donors; 1033 of those donors were living donors (primarily kidney transplants) (UNOS, 2005). Extrapolating this data, this year over 26,000 people will receive a transplant. Hundreds to thousands die each year during that wait. Our local Organ ProcurementRead MoreOrgan Donation Shortage- Problem-Solution Essay2591 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesOrgan donation shortage Organ donation shortage When receiving a driverÃ¢â¬â¢s license in the United States, there is a section on the back in which it asks if the licensed driver would like to become an organ donor. Most people overlook this option. Nothing is really pushed forth for people wanting to become organ donors. Today in the U.S, thousands of people need organ transplants. Unfortunately, there is a growing shortage of donated organs. Many people die every year because there are not enough
Posted by Kareem Davila at 10:02 PM
Fraud, murder, courage, and strong will are all words that can be linked to humanity. These words will often raise questions like, who did it, how they did it, or why. Can it be that the true answer to these questions lies in getting a better understanding of our human nature? Does man act according to his divine plan, or is he taught how to act? In analyzing the works of HsÃ ¼n Tzu and Jean-Paul Sartre, I will determine which of these two philosophers offers the strongest foundation for living an ethical life in the modern era. HSÃÅ"N TZU HsÃ ¼n Tzu is one of the main founders of eastern philosophy and is considered one of the three great sages in China along with Mencius and Confucious. TzuÃ¢â¬â¢s style of writing is poetic and easy toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Tzu argues that the sages created laws to correct manÃ¢â¬â¢s evil nature like those previously mentioned, and therefore the sages are valued and needed. According to Tzu man does not suffer any kind of anguish or pain from doing evil acts, in doing them they just fulfill their needs and feel pleasure. On the other hand, Sartre believes that man, Ã¢â¬Å"always chooses the good, and nothing can be good for us without being good for allÃ¢â¬ (145) otherwise, man suffers Ã¢â¬Å"anguish from direct responsibility to the other men to whom it involvesÃ¢â¬ (146) choosing the opposite is like choosing evil. Therefore, man teaches himself to do good because his choices are equal to those choices acceptable for all mankind. I agree with Tzu, that people who have not learned the value of caring for others first without receiving any prize in return for their good actions could not feel any remorse in being selfish since that is all that they know. Like Neanderthals, it takes many years to evolve and many more years for learning to happen so that man may be able to act civilized. However, once one has learned to do good it depends on every man to continue to practice the teachings he has acquired and also to keep learning more than necessary to grow. Comparisons that they make using the word Artisan are also employed differently. Tzu uses the example of the potter and his clay, which the artisan turns to a vessel. Tzu states that, Ã¢â¬Å"the vessel then, is the
Posted by Kareem Davila at 5:12 PM
Question: Consider the issues presented in each scenario. They often involve several legal issues. Cite key cases and statutes you would consider in resolving these issues. Discuss the implications of these statutes and cases. Tell what actions you would take including such issues as investigation, documentation, and procedures required. 1. You are the principal of a high school and the English department is organizing celebrate banned books week. They have been working on this event since the previous semester. The American Library Association provided posters, bookmarks and other materials. Your English department presented the proposed event at a slightly attended PTA meeting at the beginning of the school year. A group or African-American parents are at your office at 8:00 A.M. with grave concerns about certain books and authors on the list including Maya Angelou ,I Know Why a Caged Bird Sings; Mark Twain, Huckleberry Finn; Langston Hughes, The Best Short stories by Negro writers; and others. The parents want their list of books excluded from the event and suggest the entire event be cancelled. They believe the books are offensive and do not match the district curriculum. They also suggest certain library books be removed from the library. They have brought representatives from special interest groups to the meet ing. What steps will you take to work with the parents and with the teachers. What cases and statutes support your actions. If this case is brought , what will the courts say? 2. Linda Collins was employed as a probationary teacher for Walnut Grove High School in a mid- sized city. A student was sexually assaulted by another student behind a portable chalkboard during her class. Mrs. Collins separated the students but did not report the event. Parents of the assaulted child filed suit against the school district. This was your first notice of the assault. What standards are teachers held to in this situation? Does the sexual assault of a student by another student automatically result in liability? What actions should you take toward the students and the teacher as principal? 3. An eighth grade student, Jon, has had numerous discipline problems throughout the school year. His behavior usually involves angry outbursts at teachers or other students. Jon was administered psychological testing as a sixth grader and was diagnosed as emotionally disturbed and was provided special education services. Jon has been suspended for eight days so far. Last Friday, Jon had another major incident in class in which he cursed his teacher and then threatened to do her physical harm. The teacher enlisted the services of another teacher next door to get Jon to the office without physical confrontation. What disciplinary options are available to the campus administrator? What legal issues are implicated? Answer: 1. The High School and the English Department are celebrating the Banned Books week in association with the American Library Association. At a slightly attended PTA, this event was proposed and met with concerns with respect to certain by a group of African American, who wanted to remove the books not only from the event but also from the school library and suggested the cancellation of the event. Issue What action can be taken for working with the parents and the teachers? Whether the books can be removed from the school library, what would the ruling of the court be in this regard? Solution It is essential for the parents to understand and they should be made to understand by the school that the censorship of the books and other such materials of the curriculum would lead to the violation of academic diversity and freedom which is protection under the Constitution of U.S. The books cannot be pulled out of the library shelves just because the ideas of the books are not liked. It was held in the case of Board of Education vs. Pico by the Supreme Court that the First Amendment was violated by the school officials where they removed various books from the library of a junior high school for being controversial in nature (Board of Education vs. Pico, 1982). These books are important classics that need to be read by the students for their enrichment of knowledge. The parents need to be assured that these books would not be damaging to the students but would open avenues of learning especially of their own culture and its past. Further, it has been opined by the Court in the case of Board of Education vs. Pico that the students' right of receiving ideas and information was protected under the First Amendment, and the library is the main place for receiving such information (Board of Education vs. Pico, 1982). The only reason why the books could be removed from the library the court opined in this case if it was pervasively vulgar. The cases of the Supreme Court indicate a broad trend towards supporting the schools when it comes to the censorship issues. However, it also cautions the educators to be aware of the values which include values of the minority in the community in which they serve. The Constitutions First Amendment has been cited by experts as protection both the right of the teacher to academic freedom and right of the student to know. It has also at the same time been argued by the legal experts that there is a right that haves have to protest against materials or books which they consider will have a damaging affect on their children. The Island Trees Union Free High School v. Pico (1982) was a landmark case of censorship in which it was asserted by the court that there is no permission under the Constitution for suppression of the ideas officially and the books that were banned were returned to the school library (Board of Education vs. Pico, 1982). The court in this case and similar other cases has allowed the boards of the school a rather free hand with respect to the materials of the curriculum. In the case of Texas v. Johnson, it was opined by Willian J. Brennan, Jr. Justice Supreme Court that the bedrock principle which underlies the First Amendment is that there should not be any prohibition by the government of an ideas expression only because the opinion of the society is that it is an offensive idea or not agreeable (Texas v Johnson, 1989). Thus it can be concluded from the various case laws that the general view of the court would be in favour of not removing the books from the Library since it would lead to the violation of the First of both the students' as well as the teachers.' Further, if the First Amendment is to be continued to be protected the words of Naom Chomsky are to be kept in mind that if there is no belief in the freedom of expression of those people whose ideas are not liked, then there is no believing in it at all (Imber Van Geel, 2000). 2. Brief Facts of the Case Lind Collins a probationary teacher separated a student sexually assaulting another student. However, she did not report this incident. The parents of the student who was sexually assaulted filed against the school district a suit. Issue What standards are the teachers held to in this situation? Does assault by one student of another leads automatically to liability? What action can be taken against the student and the teacher? Solution For the Fifth Circuit the United States Court of Appeals in the case of Walton v. Alexander (5th Cir. 1994) added the notion of indifference that is deliberate indifference while analyzing liability and the definition which it was that where the official of a school was aware of or has avoided willfully knowing about a serious harm that could happen possibly to the student and there is failure to take any action that is appropriate, and there is harm which has been caused to the student. It was further clarified by the Fifth Circuit in the case Doe v. Taylor (5th Cir. 1994) that there is no absolving of liability of a public school officials simply because there was no special relationship that existed especially in cases where they were aware and still failed to take any action for the protection of the student where there are students present who are disruptive and aggressive dangerously (Doe v. Taylor, 1994). Thus, the teacher should have reported the incident for the safety of the student who was harassed knowing that the harassment was of grave nature. Failure on the part of the teacher to report is actionable (Vacca Bosher, 2008). Further in the case of Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education (1999) it was held by the high court that the official of public school may be held liable in a sexual harassment situation where it was a student on student in the case wherein the harassment is so pervasive and severe that victim students ability to learn is limited, where there was a knowledge of this harassment by the school officials, where there was deliberate indifference which was showed by the school officials and where there were no responsible steps that were taken for remedying such situation (Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education, 1999). This standard of deliberate indifference is a tool which subsequent court applies consistently. In the given case as well this standard would be made applicable for determining whether the teacher would be made liable (Mason Stephenson, 2012). There is no automatic liability of the teacher unless there is the fulfillment of the standards of deliberate in which case the teacher would be held to be liable. Further, the school district can also be held liable for violation of Title IX if there is the failure to take action that is reasonable against long-term and serious sexual harassment that is student to student which the school employee was aware of (Hudgins Vacca, 2012). Thus there has to be action taken against both the student and the teacher however it has to be kept in mind what the seriousness of the act was and what would be the most reasonable action that could be taken. 3. Brief Facts of the Case In this case, an eighth-grade student Jon, who, has had various discipline issues and has been diagnosed as emotionally disturbed threatened violence against a teacher. Issue What are the disciplinary options that are available? What are the legal implications in this case? Solution When there is harm or violence which is threatened by a student the administrator may implement any of options such as (i) removing the student immediately from the classroom the student who has threatened the injury, (ii) the student to be placed in a setting where his behavior can receive attention immediately, including, though not limited to the office of (a) the school principal, (b) the vice principal, (c) the assistant principal, (d) the psychologist of the school who has been licensed by any mental health professional's office or by the Teacher Standards and Practices Commissioner, and (e) the counselor before being allowed to return to the setting of a classroom, and (iii) the guardian of the student has to be informed promptly and no later than 24 hours of the incident regarding the behavior of the student and the action of the school (Fein, et al., 2002). In the case of Lovell v. Poway Unified School District (Lovell v. Poway Unified School District, 1996), where a suit had been brought by a student's parents called Sarah for removing the referral form from her file the Ninth Circuit Court upheld the action of the court and ruled that the communication made by Sarah was a true threat. It is an objective standard, according to the Ninth Circuit, which lays focus on the speaker by which alleged threats are judged. The test is that whether a person who is reasonable while making a statement can foresee that there could be an interpretation on the part of the listener as an expression that is serious for intending harm. The First Amendment does not protect true threats under the categories of expressions that are protected the Ninth Circuit Court further emphasized. Thus by the principal was justified in taking action against Sarah by suspending her and filing the form of student referral (Snyder Swahn, 2016). Other than the test of the objective speaker the court also required that the statement which appears to be a threat should be considered in the light of the facts of the case that surround it. If, the surrounding and statement are such that it is immediate unconditional, specific and unequivocal that the purpose's seriousness is conveyed and that there is a prospect of the statement being carried out in near future, then it would be held to be a true threat (Peterson Skiba, 2001). Thus, in the given case as well considering the history of the student, it can be stated that the threat was a true threat, and any action that may be taken against the student of either suspension or submission of a referral form would be justified legally. References Board of Education vs. Pico, 457 U.S. 853 (1982). Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education, 526 U.S. 629 (1999). Doe v. Taylor (Fifth Circuit 1994). Fein,, R., Vossekuil, B., Pollack, W., Borum, R., Modzeleski, W., Reddy, M. (2002). Threat assessment in schools: A guide to managing threatening situations and to creating safe school climates. Retrieved from https://www.secretservice.gov/ntac_ssi.shtml Hudgins, H. Vacca, R. (2012).Law and education(8th ed.). Charlottesville, Va.: Michie Co. Imber, M. Van Geel, T. (2000).A teacher's guide to education law. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Lovell v. Poway Unified School District, 90 F.3d 367 (9th Cir 1996). Mason, A. Stephenson, D. (2012).American constitutional law(8th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall. Peterson, R. Skiba, R. (2001). Creating School Climates That Prevent School Violence.The Social Studies,92(4), 167-175. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00377990109603997 Snyder, H. Swahn, M. (2016).Juvenile suicides, 19811998. Youth Violence Research Bulletin..Ncjrs.org. Retrieved 29 July 2016, from https://www.ncjrs.org/html/ojjdp/196978/contents.html Texas v Johnson, 491 U.S. 397 (1989). Vacca, R. Bosher, W. (2008).Law and education. Newark, N.J.: LexisNexis.
Posted by Kareem Davila at 6:24 AM
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
April Richards My Earliest Recollection of Dance My earliest recollection of dance up until now is when I was around 8 or 9 years old I would go to my aunts house for summer vacations and spring break to spend with my cousin who was 6 years older than me.My cousins are half Bohemian and American but they loved the Caribbean music, so my cousin would turn the TV off and crank up the stereo and she would show me ways to whine my hips and radically we would move on to at the time what was now as Miami Bass music and booty popping music and for about 2 to 3 hours a day a we would dance in front of the big mirror that lined the living wall and dance from the Caribbean to 2 live crew. In high school I was apart a dance group at my church and there is when I learned about liturgical dancing, mime, and step. We will write a custom essay sample on My Earliest Recollection of Dance or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page
Posted by Kareem Davila at 8:48 PM
Saturday, April 18, 2020
Essay Examples - How to Find Good Explanation Essay SamplesIf you're one of those kids who want to take an essay test, and you lack the confidence, then it is important that you get some explanation essay samples. There are many different kinds of examples that are available on the internet, but finding the ones that you're looking for can be a pain.Many people who are looking for essay samples don't even know where to start looking for them. It can be very frustrating trying to find a good sample.This is why the first thing that you should do is to do some research. By doing some research you will be able to find out which websites contain the types of examples that you are looking for.You'll be surprised how easy it is to locate a particular example, simply by using some of the search engines that are online. However, in order to have any success at all, you need to be able to find some sample explanation essays.The first place that you should consider searching is on the website o f the college that you're applying to. The reason that you want to do this is because most of the times they have a lot of examples on their website.It doesn't matter what kind of essay or examples you need, as long as you know which colleges have a lot of those essay samples, you'll be able to narrow down your search even more. Then all you have to do is sit down and spend some time reviewing the examples they provide, and you'll soon know which ones you want to use.After you've done this, it's important that you improve your writing skills. This way you won't be so frustrated when trying to write an essay, or when trying to write an essay review, and you'll be able to focus on the more important parts of the exam, such as writing your essay.As you can see, there are several ways that you can get some help when it comes to figuring out which essay samples are the right ones for you. You can make the most of this kind of assistance by doing some research, and using it.
Posted by Kareem Davila at 8:14 AM
Wednesday, April 15, 2020
Thursday, March 12, 2020
The concept of the afterlife can be seen in many different perspectives. My opinion of the afterlife depends on how someone would have lived in life. If a humanÃ¢â¬â¢s occupation in life was a serial killer who was put to death because of your crimes that were commited and therefore would be sent to heal without your skin attached to your body in a pool of hot oil. Complete horror and suffering are the only facts that would be true to this type or person. The punishment for there horrible beings is because of the lives that were taken of perfectly nice humane beings. Those souls of the ones lives that were taken will be sent to paradise. For souls that committed acts of telemarketing during their lives are also dammed to hell. As just punishment a telephone is attached in several spots on there bodies where earÃ¢â¬â¢s have been placed and for eternity they sit strapped to a chair hear telemarketing scams. Paradise or heaven is exactly that. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a place of perfection., and everything that is in your wildest dreams. In this place everything you want to happen always comes true. Anything and everything that you wish to happen, does. All the inhabitants of paradise float around on clouds drinking little drinks with those umbrellas in them. In order to make it to this place, the soul needs to be free of all evil doings. This means that time that money was stolen from cash register at Mc. Donald needs to be repent. Although if a human with a good soul leaves earth because of suicide. They are not sent to hell or to heaven. They are sent to a totally different place. Here those people are set out to figure why they left their lives because of suicide. These individuals are chained to a walrus and run into walls. This will take place until their life on earth was suppose to end. Then they are sent for judgment and more than likely directly to hell. On the other hand if someone with an evil soul commits suicide then a automatic ticket to he... Free Essays on Afterlife Free Essays on Afterlife The concept of the afterlife can be seen in many different perspectives. My opinion of the afterlife depends on how someone would have lived in life. If a humanÃ¢â¬â¢s occupation in life was a serial killer who was put to death because of your crimes that were commited and therefore would be sent to heal without your skin attached to your body in a pool of hot oil. Complete horror and suffering are the only facts that would be true to this type or person. The punishment for there horrible beings is because of the lives that were taken of perfectly nice humane beings. Those souls of the ones lives that were taken will be sent to paradise. For souls that committed acts of telemarketing during their lives are also dammed to hell. As just punishment a telephone is attached in several spots on there bodies where earÃ¢â¬â¢s have been placed and for eternity they sit strapped to a chair hear telemarketing scams. Paradise or heaven is exactly that. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a place of perfection., and everything that is in your wildest dreams. In this place everything you want to happen always comes true. Anything and everything that you wish to happen, does. All the inhabitants of paradise float around on clouds drinking little drinks with those umbrellas in them. In order to make it to this place, the soul needs to be free of all evil doings. This means that time that money was stolen from cash register at Mc. Donald needs to be repent. Although if a human with a good soul leaves earth because of suicide. They are not sent to hell or to heaven. They are sent to a totally different place. Here those people are set out to figure why they left their lives because of suicide. These individuals are chained to a walrus and run into walls. This will take place until their life on earth was suppose to end. Then they are sent for judgment and more than likely directly to hell. On the other hand if someone with an evil soul commits suicide then a automatic ticket to he...
Posted by Kareem Davila at 1:15 PM
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Investigation report - Assignment Example I went further to investigate the reasons that could have contributed the disparity. In my investigation, I realized that two of the union members had not done any overtime work while that of the nonunion members were relatively high. The two members demonstrated a higher percentage of rejection for the period hence their inability to do any overtime work is justifiable. This means that the union leader cannot defend the positions of these two individuals. Through a discussion with the head of the department, Mr. Wilfred Kundson, I got a clue of the reasons why the parity existed. After investigating the proposition that the overtime was awarded based on seniority and productivity in line with the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s polices, I affirmed KundsonÃ¢â¬â¢s views (Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1). The findings show a very close relationship between the two factors and overtime. For example, Ralph Andrews, one of the oldest workers that has served the company for 35 years received less overtime as opposed to the more productive workers, apparently having served the company for only eight years and are member of the union. I established that the problem could have emanated from inadequate communication and lack of employees involvement in decision making in the organization. The union members may have thought that they are discriminated against because of their affiliation to the union, which was not the case. The work done and the seniority are the most important aspects considered as a matter of policy. However, there must have been a communication breakdown somewhere hence creating suspicion among the union affiliated employees (Queensland Government 1). The employees were not aware of how the overtime was awarded; the criterion used was unfamiliar to them. However, when they are informed of the policies of the organization as pertains the award of overtime, most of them would be comfortable. The findings also
Posted by Kareem Davila at 3:42 AM
Saturday, February 8, 2020
Explain how John Steinbeck promotes agonistic and secular humanism and give examples in The Grapes of Wrath - Essay Example As a result the wages are pulled down and many go unemployed. Those who are lucky enough to be hired are exploited thoroughly. Although the novel is an indictment against the fallacy of capitalist utopia, it does not gravitate toward a Marxist position. To the extent that Steinbeck accepts bitter realities of life in the United States without resorting to political and economic ideologies is evidence for the agonist in the author. Moreover, by showcasing virtue and resilience in the face of adversity, Steinbeck hints at poverty's noble connotations, which resonates with the message of the Holy Bible. Strengthening the case for the novel's biblical inspirations, the name of one of the Joad family members is Rose of Sharon. But it would be simplistic to classify The Grapes of Wrath as a Christian novel, for it deals with universal human concerns and universal avenues for salvation. Steinbeck makes it clear that such salvation is not an event in afterlife, but one accessible during the course of life itself. The last scene of the story, where Rose of Sharon, upon seeing the miserable starvation of an old man, offers him her breast milk (which her stillborn baby could not have).
Posted by Kareem Davila at 8:27 PM
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Exploring How State of Matter Affects the Rate of Diffusion Essay Introduction Diffusion is the random process by which particles distribute themselves within a container or medium. There are two factors that distinguish how substances move passively through membranes. The first factor is hydrophobic , a nonpolar molecule that can dissolve in a lipid bilayer and freely move through the membrane. However a hydrophillic molecule consisting of ions and polar molecules inhibit in their movement through the membrane making it a slower diffusion process. Selectively permeable, moreover, are charged atoms and molecules that are mostly blocked from traveling through the membrane due to the hydrophobic center. The purpose of this experiment was to test how the state of matter affects the rate of diffusion in a semi-solid vs. a liquid state. If the Potassium Permanganate crystals are placed in Petri dishes filled with water and 2% agar, then the crystals will diffuse at a faster rate in water than in the agar. The addition of the Potassium Permanganate crystals to the water and agar, there will be a result of more diffusion and more obvious color change in water compared to agar which will result in a slower less obvious diffusion. Materials The materials needed for this experiment are: One Petri dish with 2% agar and one Petri dish of water filled half way up to test the rate of diffusion. Also, two small crystals of potassium permanganate and one pair of forceps will be needed to place in the Petri dishes. One metric ruler will be need as well to measure the change of color in diameter and one 8 x 11 piece of white paper will also be used for safety precautions. Methods First, a member of the group will gather all the materials including the Petri dishes filled with tap water and 2% agar, forceps, ruler, 8X11 piece of white paper and the jar that contains the potassium permanganate crystals, and bring the materials back to the designated area. Then the experimenter will start to conduct the experiment. Then the experiment will consist of placing the empty Petri dish and the agar Petri dish on top of the white paper side by side. Second, Tap water will be added to a half way point in the empty Petri dish until it is approximately the same level as agar in the other Petri dish. Before continuing, wait for the water to stop moving to get an accurate measure of the diffusion. After that, have lab partner assist with placing potassium permanganate crystals into the agar Petri dish, while at the same time, the primary experimenter places the other two potassium permanganate crystals into the tap water. Be sure not to splash water in the aqueous dish. The moment that each crystal has been lowered is Time Zero. A purple color will be obvious immediately. Next have the experiment observe the diffusion rate for every 3 minutes for the next 15 minutes. For every 3 minutes, measure the diameter of the diffusion circle in millimeters (mm) and write down the measurement on the chart given. Be careful not to disturb the aqueous Petri dish. Discussion The results show that there a major difference in the rate of diffusion between 2% agar and tap water. Immediately, when the potassium permanganate crystals were dropped at 0, there was already an instant diffusion of 2 mm, compared to agar which was 1mm. Because water is a polar molecule, diffusion across membranes travel quicker compared to a nonpolar substance like agar that diffuse though the lipid part of a membrane. At the first 3 minute mark, it shows that the crystals have diffused relatively fast at 15 mm, compared to the diameter in agar which has slowly diffused to 5 mm. for the next 12 minutes, results have show that the diameter in water has increase about 8 10 mm every 3 minutes and agar has stayed the same throughout. Due to passive transport, the movement of molecules from the potassium permanganate have a higher concentration, and are then added to water which diffuses from that high concentration to a lower concentration. This was the expected result. Since water is polar, the crystals can easily diffuse through the gradient. Furthermore, with agar being a nonpolar molecule, it maintained a state of dynamic equilibrium because it diffused slower but was diffused evenly. However since other factors do play a role in the rate of diffusion, maybe temperature could have changed the rate of diffusion for the two Petri dishes. Also had the allotted time been different there may have also been a change in the results. There were no negative results or errors made during this experiment. Based on the results it can be concluded that dropping potassium permanganate crystals into water, diffuses across the gradient faster compared to 2% agar. This does support the initial hypothesis and the predictions were accurate.
Posted by Kareem Davila at 12:35 AM