Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Strong Argumentative Essay Topics Secrets As an example, in college, you might be requested to compose a paper from the opposing standpoint. The college essays need to be organized in the particular format and design based on the instructions given. The next collection of topics will definitely sparkle your imagination and will let you find the greatest grades. An argumentative essay example will reveal the should possess some important components which make it better in the practice of convincing. All About Strong Argumentative Essay Topics There aren't any steadfast rules that you'll need to adhere to as you write. Write in such a fashion, that you'll be interested to read it. It is advised to pick the topics that are connected to the emergent problems in the society so you will be arguing about current scenarios. At the exact same time, it also needs to be simple to research, that way you'll locate evidence to support claims you make. Type of Strong Argumentative Essay Topics A superb argument is a basic numbers game with a very clear winner. When it has to do with writing an argumentative essay, the most crucial issue to do is to select a topic and an argument you can really get behind. An amazing conclusion will summarize all data that has happened in the post and use it in order to give one final reason why you ought to join our side. Conclusion To compose a very good conclusion isn't as simple as you could think. New Questions About Strong Argumentative Essay Topics An argumentative essay is a writing piece intended to persuade a person to believe the way that you do. No wonder, you might get lost in all that writing assignments which have to be done at the exact same time. It is crucial to check reviews about essay writing services in order to be confident they can deliver your task before the deadline. Besides general knowledge you have regarding the subject, you won't mind dedicating some opportunity to research, writing procedure, and other elements essential for the high-quality essay. In the event you're not sure it's much better to ask again or check with a person who got similar undertaking. The structure of your paper's outline is just like the structure of your whole essay. The outline is your guideline, as they will allow you to know what they are interested in. Be mindful of the size it must be and get started writing the narrative essay outline. If you would like to learn what an argumentative essay is, the very first thing you need to remember is that its primary purpose is to convince the audience to accept your perspective. Even in the event that you don't like to argue with the points of different people, it's still true that you have to be prepared to compose an argumentative essay at any moment! Your professor or client reads a great deal of essays and a great majority are written by men and women who like to play it safe. Contrary to other firms, every part of job is personally checked ahead of delivery to you. The Hidden Facts About Strong Argumentative Essay Topics The position is not so Myrtle should include within her essay. Quite frequently, the very best topic is one which you truly care about, but you also will need to get ready to research it. A manageable topic is one which can be successfully performed within the page demands of the essay. Use transition words to create your text coherent and simple to read. The opinion needs to be supported by the info provided in the prior area of the essay. In situations when you get to select the topic for an argumentative essay, you need to be wise and locate a title that will intrigue a reader. A debatable topic is one which has differing viewpoints. In order to supply an in-depth understanding about the argumentative essay, it is advisable to examine some of the greatest examples of argumentative essay. The conclusion portion of the essay is the most significant. It is essential that the whole essay relate to the major subject, so make certain you do not stray from the primary point of your essay. To construct an effective argumentative essay, you have to follow several critical actions. Supreme essay service may assist you with it. As an illustration, whenever you don't have enough time to do an appropriate research and publish an essay, you can use custom essay writing service. Though you essay may contain very superior info, one false bit of information can mess up your whole essay. You may examine the extra details on the best way to compose an eye-catching essay introduction with a hook. You can also see academic essay. The essay should have a little structure, unlike a normal essay. You can also see analytical essay. You could also see descriptive essay.
Posted by Kareem Davila at 4:14 PM
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
If you play ping pong or table tennis, you used to have to carry around several balls, since they would occasionally ignite or explode upon contact with the paddle. Its unlikely a modern ping pong ball would ignite during a game, but they remain extremely flammable. If you touch a flame to a ball, it burns from the point of contact evenly around to the other side, leaving only a delicate mesh, the strip of adhesive used to join the halves of the ball, and a fairly vile stench. Except for the smell, its actually kind of cool! Some people think the balls are filled with flammable gas, while others think it has something to do with the plastic used to make the balls... Find out who is right
Posted by Kareem Davila at 11:28 AM
Friday, May 15, 2020
Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1119 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Finance Essay Type Analytical essay Tags: Independence Essay Did you like this example? Independence of Central Bank (10%) Central Bank independence is one of the key pre-requisites for effective inflation targeting. Kahn (2009) states that although monetary policy goals must be set by the democratic government, their implementation should be the mandate of the central bank to avoid the time-inconsistency problem or a political monetary policy cycle. This mandate may not be made into a law, but what matters is past credibility and a continued commitment to the goal of price stability. On other hand, Charles Freedman et al (2010) argues that legislating this mandate is important, particularly in emerging economies where there is a history of government control of monetary policy. For example, the government may resort to populist measures and change the target when central bank has to take unpopular steps. This takes away the basic advantage of inflation targeting- anchoring expectations and increasing predictability and credibility (Kahn, 2009). DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Independence of Central Bank (10%)" essay for you Create order Guy Debelle et al (1998) argues that fiscal policy must not dominate or dictate monetary policy. This means: Very low or no borrowing by government from the central bank Well-developed domestic markets that can absorb public debt (e.g. treasury bills) Broad base of government revenue so that there is minimal dependence on seigniorage revenues In presence of fiscal dominance, fiscal policy based inflationary pressures will reduce the effectiveness of inflation targeting as central banks will be forced to accommodate government demands such as lowering interest rates to aid fiscal goals. To avoid discretion by governments with regards to monetary policy, transparency and strong communication are important in central banks. In South Africa, monetary goals are set by government by setting the target while constitution guarantees instrument-independence of central bank. (Kahn, 2009) Limitations ofInflationTargeting(10%) Limitation in analyzing its effectiveness is since it is difficult to differentiate between the overall impact of general economic reforms and the more specific impact of inflation targeting. Sarwat Jahan (no year) According to CA Sims (2003) Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âInflation targeting may do more harm than good if there is a substantial chance that the central bank cannot in fact control inflationÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã . This implies that in countries with history of inflation control problems, usefulness of inflation targeting may be limited. Alan Bollard (2008) in his speech said that Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âInflation targeting is not an elixir for stabilization. Independence and accountability arrangements for central banking lead to heightened expectations of what monetary policy is actually able to achieve.Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã So, it will not be effective as a standalone policy. A prerequisite for inflation targeting is co-ordination with fiscal policy. Inflation targeting commitment may not be sustainable under certain conditions. In some cases, what may appear as initial success can lead to adverse impact in future, particularly when required fiscal backup is missing. Similarly, if the inflation target projections cannot be supported with credible explanation of how central bank intends to achieve the desired target, it will undermine its credibility and worsen the situation. For example, if central bank is at zero bound of its policy rate and has no room to influence inflation. Thus, Inflation Targeting is therefore not recommended for the Bank of Japan. (CA Sims, 2003). So, every country must assess its economic conditions and determine if itÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s a suitable policy or if it can be tailored to suit their conditions. For example, in open economies where the exchange rate impacts output and inflation, the effectiveness and implementation of inflation targeting must be carefully analyzed. (Sarwat Jahan) Other Limitations: Central Bank may overlook more pressing issues like unemployment, exchange rate fluctuations and other macroeconomic variables. During financial crisis, inflation targeting, particularly if rule-based, may restrict central bankÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s ability due to reduced flexibility. Possible instability in case of large supply-side shocks Since inflation targeting success depends on anchored expectations, lack of public support can undermine its effectiveness Monetary policy impacts inflation with a substantial delay (CA Sims, 2003). So, policy decisions are based on projections and unexpected events may hinder achievement the desired target. Although a much debated point, some argue that higher inflation may be good for economy at times and lower inflation may not always imply stability. OptimalInflationRate (5-10%) Currently, there is no consensus among the a various economic researches about the optimal inflation rate. Most economists agree that inflation should not fall below zero since the costs of deflation are high. They, however, disagree about how much Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"above zero inflationÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ should a central bank target. Many central banks, however, have a similar policy: an inflation target around two percent. These include the Federal Reserve (which calls two-percent inflation a Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âlonger-run goalÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ), the European Central Bank (which aims for inflation rates Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âbelow, but close to, 2%Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ), and most other central banks in advanced economies (Laurence Ball, 2014). The criterion to set optimal target will depend on the countryÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s the monetary transmission mechanism model and on the stabilization objectives of the monetary policy. (Giannoni et al,2003) References: Challenges of inflation targeting for emerging market economies: The South African case. InConference Papers on Challenges for Monetary Policy-makers in Emerging Markets, South African Reserve Bank. Sarwat Jahan: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/basics/target.htm Guy Debelle et al: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/issues/issues15/ Allan Bollard: https://www.bis.org/review/r080731c.pdf Laurence Ball: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2014/wp1492.pdf Marc P. Giannoni,Michael Woodford: https://www.nber.org/papers/w9939.pdf https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2010/03/pdf/roger.pdf https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2008/wp08234.pdf https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2013/wp1321.pdf https://www.bis.org/review/r131205g.pdf https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/sdn/2012/sdn1201.pdf Important Elements for Inflation Targeting for Emerging Economies: Prepared by Charles Freedman and Inci ÃÆ'Ã¢â¬âtker-Robe https://www.ecb.europa.eu/pub/pdf/scpwps/ecbwp026.pdf https://www.nber.org/chapters/c9562.pdf https://www.newyorkfed.org/research/epr/97v03n3/9708part1.pdf https://siteresources.worldbank.org/PGLP/Resources/Session8.pdf https://www.economicshelp.org/blog/5397/inflation/inflation-targetting-pros-and-cons/ Appendix Targeting inflation There are 28 countries that use inflation targeting, fixing the consumer price index as their monetary policy goal. Three other countriesÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬ Finland, the Slovak Republic, and SpainÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬ adopted inflation targeting but abandoned it when they began to use the euro as their currency. Country Inflation targeting adoption date Inflation rate at adoption date (percent) 2010 end-of-year inflation (percent) Target inflation rate (percent) New Zealand 1990 3.30 4.03 1 3 Canada 1991 6.90 2.23 2 +/- 1 United Kingdom 1992 4.00 3.39 2 Australia 1993 2.00 2.65 2 3 Sweden 1993 1.80 2.10 2 Czech Republic 1997 6.80 2.00 3 +/- 1 Israel 1997 8.10 2.62 2 +/- 1 Poland 1998 10.60 3.10 2.5 +/- 1 Brazil 1999 3.30 5.91 4.5 +/- 1 Chile 1999 3.20 2.97 3 +/- 1 Colombia 1999 9.30 3.17 2 4 South Africa 2000 2.60 3.50 3 6 Thailand 2000 0.80 3.05 0.5 3 Hungary 2001 10.80 4.20 3 +/- 1 Mexico 2001 9.00 4.40 3 +/- 1 Iceland 2001 4.10 2.37 2.5 +/- 1.5 Korea, Republic of 2001 2.90 3.51 3 +/- 1 Norway 2001 3.60 2.76 2.5 +/- 1 Peru 2002 Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å"0.10 2.08 2 +/- 1 Philippines 2002 4.50 3.00 4 +/- 1 Guatemala 2005 9.20 5.39 5 +/- 1 Indonesia 2005 7.40 6.96 5 +/- 1 Romania 2005 9.30 8.00 3 +/- 1 Serbia 2006 10.80 10.29 4 8 Turkey 2006 7.70 6.40 5.5 +/- 2 Armenia 2006 5.20 9.35 4.5 +/- 1.5 Ghana 2007 10.50 8.58 8.5 +/- 2 Albania 2009 3.70 3.40 3 +/- 1 Sources: Hammond, 2011; Roger, 2010; and IMF staff calculations.
Posted by Kareem Davila at 10:49 PM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
What does it take to be someones hero? All that it takes is signing the back of ones drivers licence and you could be a hero by saving up to 8 lives and enhancing the lives of many more; it only takes you being an organ donor. Organ donation has negative connotation tied to its back. even though many people in todays society believe that no wrong can happen in their life but in reality we are not invincible and accidents do happen and your time will come to end sometime. The act of organ donation is a compassionate and the humane choice for a person to make. Transplantation is a modern medical marven. Despite continuing advances in medicine and technology, the need for organs and tissue is vastly greater than the number available forÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The alternative system or the Ã¢â¬Å"opt out system which is in current practice in a some countries around the worldÃ¢â¬ (Paterson, 2013). The opt-out system simply states that Ã¢â¬Å"there is no register of people who h ave opted out of organ donation, and the wishes of individuals are only known by those whom they may have discussed organ donationÃ¢â¬ (Paterson,2013). By having an opt-out system in place if an opt-in system could potentially save more lives if those who await a transplant. The steps of saving a life is easy becoming an organ donor is the first step. When a patient has died or is nearing death the doctors will try all lifesaving efforts. Once a patient has passed the hospital will notify its local organ procurement organization to check and see if the deceased is on the states donor registry if the deceased is an organ donor then a representative of the organ procurement organization goes to the hospital. If a donation is possible then the transplant network is contacted to determine if there are any matches. During this process the donor is put on artificial life support and the condition of the organs are monitored. Then the organs are transferred. Ã¢â¬Å"75% of all donations go to localsÃ¢â¬ (United States Department of Health and Human Services). Organ transplantation is an operation that is safe and lifesaving. Ã¢â¬Å"Each day, about 79 people receive organShow MoreRelatedPersuasive Speech1153 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOUTLINE Topic: Organ Donation Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience to donate their organs and tissues when they die and to act upon their decision to donate. INTODUCTION Attention: How do you feel when you have to wait for something you really, really want? What if it was something you couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t live without? Ladies and gentlemen IÃ¢â¬â¢m here today to share with you my views on organ donation, in the hope that you will take them on board and give someone the ultimate gift after you haveRead MoreOrgan Donation : An Important Decision For Yourself975 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageslifesaving organ or tissue; many of whom may never find a suitable donor match. c. Thesis Statement: Becoming an organ donor is not only an important decision for yourself, but it is also an important decision for the life that you have the power to save. d. Credibility Statement: Being that my grandfather is currently on an organ donation list and because I am an organ donor myself, I believe that organ donation is a selfless way to give back to others, and provide them with a second chance at life. eRead MoreOrgan Donation : A Controversial Issue982 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOrgan donation is a controversial issue in most countries which simply involves the donation of a biological organ or tissue from a living or dead human body to a living recipient who needs a transplant or for scientific research. There have been several debates on the issue that everyone should be willing to donate their organ as it is of no use when they die. Some members of the public consider organ donation as an ultimate gift of life. Some people on the other hand, consider it improper due toRead MoreEssay on Compensation for Living Human Organ Donation is Unethical1394 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCompensation for Living Human Organ Donation is Unethical As technology continues to progress the feasibility of organ transplantation becomes a commonplace. It is very common for organs to be donated after one passes if it is the wishes of the deceased. As the supply of organs from the deceased is greatly outnumbered by the number of patients on waitlists living donors becomes an issue. Many times a relative or close friend is willing to give up an organ to help save a life. The question is: IsRead MoreOrgan Donation Should Be Mandatory1630 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessubject of organ donation becomes increasingly important. For years, the topic has been the source of many controversial debates regarding its ethical and moral ideations. Organ donation should remain voluntary for several reasons: first and foremost it is still considered a donation. Next, patients and their families should have the right to say no to medical procedures. And, lastly, bodily autonomy should be respected by healthcare professionals. Many argue, however, that organ donation should beRead MoreOrgan Donation2109 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesDonate Life Did you know that seventeen people will die today? They will not die because they were in a car wreck, involved in a shooting, or because it was simply that their time had come. Seventeen people will die because they couldnt get an organ transplant in time. Moneys not the issue here. Neither is scarcity. There are potential donors who pass away every day who could meet the needs of people on the waiting list. The problem is the potential donors die without leaving instructionsRead MoreAltruism Over Incentives For Organ Donation Essay1521 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAltruism Over Incentives for Organ Donation Over the years, organ donation challenges and demands increased inversely in proportion to the organ shortages. The primary mission of donorÃ¢â¬â¢s organizations is to save as many terminally ill recipients at the end stages of their lives as possible with an end goal of giving these recipients a normal a life span. The significance of organ donation is to restore an ailing personÃ¢â¬â¢s quality of life. The ongoing issue of organ shortages may be a symptom ofRead MoreAltruism Over Incentives For Organ Donation Essay1535 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAltruism over Incentives for Organ Donation Organ donations have encountered organ donor, and as a result, organ supply decreases. Over the years, organ donation challenges and demands increase inversely in proportion to the organ shortages. The primary mission of donorÃ¢â¬â¢s organizations is to save as many terminally ill recipients at the end stages of their lives as possible with an end goal of giving these recipients a normal a life span. The significance of organ donation is to restore an ailing personÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreOrgan Donation Operations Improvement Plan Essay1872 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesto increase organ donation rates at Temple University Hospital Introduction Over 88,400 Americans are currently awaiting a life saving organ transplant. As of the end of February there were 4,375 transplants performed from 2,263 donors; 1033 of those donors were living donors (primarily kidney transplants) (UNOS, 2005). Extrapolating this data, this year over 26,000 people will receive a transplant. Hundreds to thousands die each year during that wait. Our local Organ ProcurementRead MoreOrgan Donation Shortage- Problem-Solution Essay2591 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesOrgan donation shortage Organ donation shortage When receiving a driverÃ¢â¬â¢s license in the United States, there is a section on the back in which it asks if the licensed driver would like to become an organ donor. Most people overlook this option. Nothing is really pushed forth for people wanting to become organ donors. Today in the U.S, thousands of people need organ transplants. Unfortunately, there is a growing shortage of donated organs. Many people die every year because there are not enough
Posted by Kareem Davila at 10:02 PM
Fraud, murder, courage, and strong will are all words that can be linked to humanity. These words will often raise questions like, who did it, how they did it, or why. Can it be that the true answer to these questions lies in getting a better understanding of our human nature? Does man act according to his divine plan, or is he taught how to act? In analyzing the works of HsÃ ¼n Tzu and Jean-Paul Sartre, I will determine which of these two philosophers offers the strongest foundation for living an ethical life in the modern era. HSÃÅ"N TZU HsÃ ¼n Tzu is one of the main founders of eastern philosophy and is considered one of the three great sages in China along with Mencius and Confucious. TzuÃ¢â¬â¢s style of writing is poetic and easy toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Tzu argues that the sages created laws to correct manÃ¢â¬â¢s evil nature like those previously mentioned, and therefore the sages are valued and needed. According to Tzu man does not suffer any kind of anguish or pain from doing evil acts, in doing them they just fulfill their needs and feel pleasure. On the other hand, Sartre believes that man, Ã¢â¬Å"always chooses the good, and nothing can be good for us without being good for allÃ¢â¬ (145) otherwise, man suffers Ã¢â¬Å"anguish from direct responsibility to the other men to whom it involvesÃ¢â¬ (146) choosing the opposite is like choosing evil. Therefore, man teaches himself to do good because his choices are equal to those choices acceptable for all mankind. I agree with Tzu, that people who have not learned the value of caring for others first without receiving any prize in return for their good actions could not feel any remorse in being selfish since that is all that they know. Like Neanderthals, it takes many years to evolve and many more years for learning to happen so that man may be able to act civilized. However, once one has learned to do good it depends on every man to continue to practice the teachings he has acquired and also to keep learning more than necessary to grow. Comparisons that they make using the word Artisan are also employed differently. Tzu uses the example of the potter and his clay, which the artisan turns to a vessel. Tzu states that, Ã¢â¬Å"the vessel then, is the
Posted by Kareem Davila at 5:12 PM
Question: Consider the issues presented in each scenario. They often involve several legal issues. Cite key cases and statutes you would consider in resolving these issues. Discuss the implications of these statutes and cases. Tell what actions you would take including such issues as investigation, documentation, and procedures required. 1. You are the principal of a high school and the English department is organizing celebrate banned books week. They have been working on this event since the previous semester. The American Library Association provided posters, bookmarks and other materials. Your English department presented the proposed event at a slightly attended PTA meeting at the beginning of the school year. A group or African-American parents are at your office at 8:00 A.M. with grave concerns about certain books and authors on the list including Maya Angelou ,I Know Why a Caged Bird Sings; Mark Twain, Huckleberry Finn; Langston Hughes, The Best Short stories by Negro writers; and others. The parents want their list of books excluded from the event and suggest the entire event be cancelled. They believe the books are offensive and do not match the district curriculum. They also suggest certain library books be removed from the library. They have brought representatives from special interest groups to the meet ing. What steps will you take to work with the parents and with the teachers. What cases and statutes support your actions. If this case is brought , what will the courts say? 2. Linda Collins was employed as a probationary teacher for Walnut Grove High School in a mid- sized city. A student was sexually assaulted by another student behind a portable chalkboard during her class. Mrs. Collins separated the students but did not report the event. Parents of the assaulted child filed suit against the school district. This was your first notice of the assault. What standards are teachers held to in this situation? Does the sexual assault of a student by another student automatically result in liability? What actions should you take toward the students and the teacher as principal? 3. An eighth grade student, Jon, has had numerous discipline problems throughout the school year. His behavior usually involves angry outbursts at teachers or other students. Jon was administered psychological testing as a sixth grader and was diagnosed as emotionally disturbed and was provided special education services. Jon has been suspended for eight days so far. Last Friday, Jon had another major incident in class in which he cursed his teacher and then threatened to do her physical harm. The teacher enlisted the services of another teacher next door to get Jon to the office without physical confrontation. What disciplinary options are available to the campus administrator? What legal issues are implicated? Answer: 1. The High School and the English Department are celebrating the Banned Books week in association with the American Library Association. At a slightly attended PTA, this event was proposed and met with concerns with respect to certain by a group of African American, who wanted to remove the books not only from the event but also from the school library and suggested the cancellation of the event. Issue What action can be taken for working with the parents and the teachers? Whether the books can be removed from the school library, what would the ruling of the court be in this regard? Solution It is essential for the parents to understand and they should be made to understand by the school that the censorship of the books and other such materials of the curriculum would lead to the violation of academic diversity and freedom which is protection under the Constitution of U.S. The books cannot be pulled out of the library shelves just because the ideas of the books are not liked. It was held in the case of Board of Education vs. Pico by the Supreme Court that the First Amendment was violated by the school officials where they removed various books from the library of a junior high school for being controversial in nature (Board of Education vs. Pico, 1982). These books are important classics that need to be read by the students for their enrichment of knowledge. The parents need to be assured that these books would not be damaging to the students but would open avenues of learning especially of their own culture and its past. Further, it has been opined by the Court in the case of Board of Education vs. Pico that the students' right of receiving ideas and information was protected under the First Amendment, and the library is the main place for receiving such information (Board of Education vs. Pico, 1982). The only reason why the books could be removed from the library the court opined in this case if it was pervasively vulgar. The cases of the Supreme Court indicate a broad trend towards supporting the schools when it comes to the censorship issues. However, it also cautions the educators to be aware of the values which include values of the minority in the community in which they serve. The Constitutions First Amendment has been cited by experts as protection both the right of the teacher to academic freedom and right of the student to know. It has also at the same time been argued by the legal experts that there is a right that haves have to protest against materials or books which they consider will have a damaging affect on their children. The Island Trees Union Free High School v. Pico (1982) was a landmark case of censorship in which it was asserted by the court that there is no permission under the Constitution for suppression of the ideas officially and the books that were banned were returned to the school library (Board of Education vs. Pico, 1982). The court in this case and similar other cases has allowed the boards of the school a rather free hand with respect to the materials of the curriculum. In the case of Texas v. Johnson, it was opined by Willian J. Brennan, Jr. Justice Supreme Court that the bedrock principle which underlies the First Amendment is that there should not be any prohibition by the government of an ideas expression only because the opinion of the society is that it is an offensive idea or not agreeable (Texas v Johnson, 1989). Thus it can be concluded from the various case laws that the general view of the court would be in favour of not removing the books from the Library since it would lead to the violation of the First of both the students' as well as the teachers.' Further, if the First Amendment is to be continued to be protected the words of Naom Chomsky are to be kept in mind that if there is no belief in the freedom of expression of those people whose ideas are not liked, then there is no believing in it at all (Imber Van Geel, 2000). 2. Brief Facts of the Case Lind Collins a probationary teacher separated a student sexually assaulting another student. However, she did not report this incident. The parents of the student who was sexually assaulted filed against the school district a suit. Issue What standards are the teachers held to in this situation? Does assault by one student of another leads automatically to liability? What action can be taken against the student and the teacher? Solution For the Fifth Circuit the United States Court of Appeals in the case of Walton v. Alexander (5th Cir. 1994) added the notion of indifference that is deliberate indifference while analyzing liability and the definition which it was that where the official of a school was aware of or has avoided willfully knowing about a serious harm that could happen possibly to the student and there is failure to take any action that is appropriate, and there is harm which has been caused to the student. It was further clarified by the Fifth Circuit in the case Doe v. Taylor (5th Cir. 1994) that there is no absolving of liability of a public school officials simply because there was no special relationship that existed especially in cases where they were aware and still failed to take any action for the protection of the student where there are students present who are disruptive and aggressive dangerously (Doe v. Taylor, 1994). Thus, the teacher should have reported the incident for the safety of the student who was harassed knowing that the harassment was of grave nature. Failure on the part of the teacher to report is actionable (Vacca Bosher, 2008). Further in the case of Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education (1999) it was held by the high court that the official of public school may be held liable in a sexual harassment situation where it was a student on student in the case wherein the harassment is so pervasive and severe that victim students ability to learn is limited, where there was a knowledge of this harassment by the school officials, where there was deliberate indifference which was showed by the school officials and where there were no responsible steps that were taken for remedying such situation (Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education, 1999). This standard of deliberate indifference is a tool which subsequent court applies consistently. In the given case as well this standard would be made applicable for determining whether the teacher would be made liable (Mason Stephenson, 2012). There is no automatic liability of the teacher unless there is the fulfillment of the standards of deliberate in which case the teacher would be held to be liable. Further, the school district can also be held liable for violation of Title IX if there is the failure to take action that is reasonable against long-term and serious sexual harassment that is student to student which the school employee was aware of (Hudgins Vacca, 2012). Thus there has to be action taken against both the student and the teacher however it has to be kept in mind what the seriousness of the act was and what would be the most reasonable action that could be taken. 3. Brief Facts of the Case In this case, an eighth-grade student Jon, who, has had various discipline issues and has been diagnosed as emotionally disturbed threatened violence against a teacher. Issue What are the disciplinary options that are available? What are the legal implications in this case? Solution When there is harm or violence which is threatened by a student the administrator may implement any of options such as (i) removing the student immediately from the classroom the student who has threatened the injury, (ii) the student to be placed in a setting where his behavior can receive attention immediately, including, though not limited to the office of (a) the school principal, (b) the vice principal, (c) the assistant principal, (d) the psychologist of the school who has been licensed by any mental health professional's office or by the Teacher Standards and Practices Commissioner, and (e) the counselor before being allowed to return to the setting of a classroom, and (iii) the guardian of the student has to be informed promptly and no later than 24 hours of the incident regarding the behavior of the student and the action of the school (Fein, et al., 2002). In the case of Lovell v. Poway Unified School District (Lovell v. Poway Unified School District, 1996), where a suit had been brought by a student's parents called Sarah for removing the referral form from her file the Ninth Circuit Court upheld the action of the court and ruled that the communication made by Sarah was a true threat. It is an objective standard, according to the Ninth Circuit, which lays focus on the speaker by which alleged threats are judged. The test is that whether a person who is reasonable while making a statement can foresee that there could be an interpretation on the part of the listener as an expression that is serious for intending harm. The First Amendment does not protect true threats under the categories of expressions that are protected the Ninth Circuit Court further emphasized. Thus by the principal was justified in taking action against Sarah by suspending her and filing the form of student referral (Snyder Swahn, 2016). Other than the test of the objective speaker the court also required that the statement which appears to be a threat should be considered in the light of the facts of the case that surround it. If, the surrounding and statement are such that it is immediate unconditional, specific and unequivocal that the purpose's seriousness is conveyed and that there is a prospect of the statement being carried out in near future, then it would be held to be a true threat (Peterson Skiba, 2001). Thus, in the given case as well considering the history of the student, it can be stated that the threat was a true threat, and any action that may be taken against the student of either suspension or submission of a referral form would be justified legally. References Board of Education vs. Pico, 457 U.S. 853 (1982). Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education, 526 U.S. 629 (1999). Doe v. Taylor (Fifth Circuit 1994). Fein,, R., Vossekuil, B., Pollack, W., Borum, R., Modzeleski, W., Reddy, M. (2002). Threat assessment in schools: A guide to managing threatening situations and to creating safe school climates. Retrieved from https://www.secretservice.gov/ntac_ssi.shtml Hudgins, H. Vacca, R. (2012).Law and education(8th ed.). Charlottesville, Va.: Michie Co. Imber, M. Van Geel, T. (2000).A teacher's guide to education law. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Lovell v. Poway Unified School District, 90 F.3d 367 (9th Cir 1996). Mason, A. Stephenson, D. (2012).American constitutional law(8th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall. Peterson, R. Skiba, R. (2001). Creating School Climates That Prevent School Violence.The Social Studies,92(4), 167-175. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00377990109603997 Snyder, H. Swahn, M. (2016).Juvenile suicides, 19811998. Youth Violence Research Bulletin..Ncjrs.org. Retrieved 29 July 2016, from https://www.ncjrs.org/html/ojjdp/196978/contents.html Texas v Johnson, 491 U.S. 397 (1989). Vacca, R. Bosher, W. (2008).Law and education. Newark, N.J.: LexisNexis.
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Tuesday, May 5, 2020
April Richards My Earliest Recollection of Dance My earliest recollection of dance up until now is when I was around 8 or 9 years old I would go to my aunts house for summer vacations and spring break to spend with my cousin who was 6 years older than me.My cousins are half Bohemian and American but they loved the Caribbean music, so my cousin would turn the TV off and crank up the stereo and she would show me ways to whine my hips and radically we would move on to at the time what was now as Miami Bass music and booty popping music and for about 2 to 3 hours a day a we would dance in front of the big mirror that lined the living wall and dance from the Caribbean to 2 live crew. In high school I was apart a dance group at my church and there is when I learned about liturgical dancing, mime, and step. We will write a custom essay sample on My Earliest Recollection of Dance or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page
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